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11 Pass 3rd pers adjectives Anga Anusvara aorist Atmanepada Bahuvrihi bases ending batam beginning with consonants beginning with vowels benedictive Bha base Brahman changed Chur compounds conjugated declension declined derived desiderative Dhatupatha diphthongs dropt Dual Dvigu ending in consonants feminine followed forms gerund grammar Hence Hu class Impf inserted Instr intermediate Karmadharaya lengthen letters likewise lingual masc masculine monosyllabic nasal native grammarians neut neuter nominal bases nouns optional Pada base Panini Parasmaipada participle passive Periphrastic Plur Plural preceded prepositions pronouns radical vowel reduplicated perfect reduplicative syllable roots beginning roots ending rules Sandhi Sanskrit second aorist semivowels sibilants Siddh.-Kaum Sing Singular sonant special tenses suffixes take Guna Tatpurusha terminations beginning Verbal bases verbs ending Visarga vowel Vriddhi words
Page 11 - Sanskrit allows of no hiatus in a sentence. If a word ends in a vowel, and the next word begins with a vowel, the two vowels coalesce, according to certain rules.
Page vi - Colebrooke, the system of native grammarians, and adopts nearly the whole of their technical terminology. The grammatical system elaborated by native grammarians is, in itself, most perfect ; and those who have tested Panini's work, will readily admit that there is no grammar in any language that could vie with the wonderful mechanism of his eight books of grammatical rules.
Page 139 - Sanskrit grammarians have divided all verbs into ten classes, according to certain modifications which their roots undergo before the terminations of the Present, the Imperfect, the Optative, and Imperative. This division is very useful, and will be retained with some slight alterations. One and the same root may belong to different classes. Thus...
Page 2 - Samskrita (tl^irt) means what is rendered fit or perfect. But Sanskrit is not called so because the Brahmans, or still less, because the first Europeans who became acquainted with it, considered it the most perfect of all languages. Samskrita meant what is rendered fit for sacred purposes ; hence purified, sacred. A vessel that is purified, a sacrificial victim that is properly dressed, a man who has passed through all the initiatory rites or samskdras; all these are called samskrita.
Page 1 - Thomas, vol. np 42.) To admit, however, the independent invention of a native Indian alphabet is impossible. Alphabets were never invented, in the usual sense of that word. They were formed gradually, and purely phonetic alphabets always point back to earlier, syllabic or ideographic, stages.
Page 137 - HiiMrt krodham vinayate, he turns away or dismisses wrath ; a subtle distinction which it is possible to appreciate when stated, but difficult to bring under any general rules. Again, in Sanskrit as well as in Greek, some verbs are middle in certain tenses only, but active or middle in others ; eg Atm.
Page 62 - Sanskrit nouns have three genders, Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter ; three numbers, Singular, Dual, and Plural ; and eight cases, Nominative, Accusative, Instrumental, Dative, Ablative, Genitive, Locative, and Vocative.
Page 20 - НЧ(Я> tdhyah prayatnah, mode of articulation at the close of the utterance of the sound, which produces the qualities of surd, sonant, aspirated, and unaspirated, as explained in § 58, 59. t Some grammarians differ in their description of the degrees of closing or opening of the organs. Some...
Page 51 - The final ^ h or \ffh, after losing its aspiration, becomes i[g, which is further changed to 4j k. § 114. Nominal or verbal bases ending in consonants and followed by terminations consisting of a single consonant, drop the termination altogether, two consonants not being tolerated at the end of a word ($ 55). The final consonants of the base are then treated like other final consonants.
Page 19 - Before we can examine the changes of final and initial consonants, according to the rules of external Sandhi, we have to explain what is meant by the place and the quality of consonants. 1. The throat, the palate, the roof of the palate, the teeth, the lips, and the nose are called the places or organs of the letters. See § 4. 2. By contact between the tongue and the four places, — throat, palate, roof, teeth, — the guttural, palatal, lingual, and dental consonants are formed. Labial consonants...