Theories of the Policy Process (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Paul A. Sabatier
Westview Press, 2007 - Political Science - 344 pages
4 Reviews
"Theories of the Policy Process provides a forum for the proponents of several of the most promising and widely used theoretical frameworks to present the basic propositions of their frameworks, to assess the empirical evidence that has developed, and to discuss promising directions for future research. The first edition contained analyses of Institutional Rational Choice (Ostrom), Multiple Streams (Zahariadis), Punctuated Equilibrium (Jones et al.), Advocacy Coalition Framework (Sabatier and Jenkins-Smith), and Policy Diffusion (Berry and Berry). The second edition revises these and adds new chapters on Social Construction and Policy Design (Schneider et al.) and Policy Networks (Adam and Kriesi). It also contains a much more serious analysis of the European literature relevant to each of the frameworks. Finally, the new edition contains a revised chapter by Edella Schlager, presenting a comparative analysis and evaluation of the relevant frameworks, and a concluding chapter by the editor suggesting a number of strategies for improving the state of theorizing in this field"--Provided by publisher.
  

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Author(s) of Review: Stella Z. Theodoulou
Reviewed Work(s): Theories of the Policy Process by Paul A. Sabatier
The American Political Science Review > Vol. 95, No. 4 (Dec., 2001), pp. 1007-1008

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User Review  - Heather - Goodreads

Reading for school. Three books for four weeks of class. Yay, summer school! Read full review

Contents

The Need for Better Theories Paul A Sabatier
3
Social Construction and Policy Design
93
The Network Approach Silke Adam and Hanspeter Kriesi
129
Innovations and Clarifications Paul A Sabatier
189
Frameworks Comparing Policies Across
221
The Policy Process and LargeN Comparative Studies
261
A Comparison of Frameworks Theories
293
Fostering the Development of Policy Theory
321
Index
337
Copyright

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Page 44 - All rules are nested in another set of rules that define how the first set of rules can be changed. The nesting of rules within rules at several levels is similar to the nesting of computer languages at several levels. What can be done at a higher level will depend on the capabilities and limits of the rules (or the software) at that level and at a deeper level.
Page 327 - These are people from a variety of positions (elected and agency officials, interest group leaders, researchers, etc.) who share a particular belief system that is, a set of basic values, causal assumptions, and problem perceptions and who show a nontrivial degree of coordinated activity over time.
Page 44 - Operational rules directly affect day-to-day decisions made by the participants in any setting. Collective-choice rules affect operational activities and results through their effects in determining who is eligible and the specific rules to be used in changing operational rules. Constitutionalchoice rules affect operational activities and their effects in determining who is eligible and the rules to be used in crafting the set of collective-choice rules that in turn affect the set of operational...
Page 41 - ... honestly reflect beneficiaries' preferences and their willingness to pay is complex, regardless of whether the providing unit is organized in the public or the private sphere. In very small groups, those affected are usually able to discuss their preferences and constraints on a face-to-face basis and to reach a rough consensus. In larger groups, decisions about infrastructure are apt to be made through mechanisms such as voting or the delegation of authority to public officials. The extensive...
Page 44 - Whenever one addresses questions about institutional change, as contrasted to action within institutional constraints, it is necessary to recognize the following: 1 . Changes in the rules used to order action at one level occur within a currently "fixed" set of rules at a deeper level. 2. Changes in deeper-level rules usually are more difficult and more costly to accomplish, thus increasing the stability of mutual expectations among individuals interacting according to a set of rules.
Page 41 - Charging prices for subtractive services obviously constitutes one such allocation mechanism. Sometimes, however, it is not feasible to price services. In these instances, some individuals will be able to grab considerably more of the subtractive services than others, thereby leading to noneconomic uses of the flow and high levels of conflict among users. Allocation rules also affect the incentives of users to maintain a system. Farmers located at the tail end of an irrigation system that lacks effective...
Page 40 - Excludability and the Free-Rider Problem When it is difficult or costly to exclude beneficiaries from a good once it is produced, it is frequently assumed that such a good must be provided publicly, rather than privately. When the benefits of a good are available to a group, whether or not members of the group contribute to the provision of the good, that good is characterized by problems with excludability. Where exclusion is costly, those wishing to provide a good or service face a potential free-rider...
Page 305 - Prior organizational experience and local leadership: Appropriators have learned at least minimal skills of organization and leadership through participation in other local associations or studying ways that neighboring groups have organized.
Page 46 - At each level of analysis there may be one or more arenas in which the types of decisions made at that level will occur. In the collectivechoice, constitutional, and metaconstitutional situations, activities involve prescribing, invoking, monitoring, applying, and enforcing rules (Lasswell and Kaplan 1950; Oakerson 1994). The concept of an "arena" as described earlier does not imply a formal setting, but can include such formal settings as legislatures and courts.

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About the author (2007)

Paul A. Sabatier is political scientist and professor of environmental studies at the University of California, Davis.