From Morality to Virtue

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Oxford University Press, Aug 20, 1992 - Philosophy - 296 pages
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In this book, Slote offers the first full-scale foundational account of virtue ethics to have appeared since the recent revival of interest in the ethics of virtue. Slote advocates a particular form of such ethics for its intuitive and structural advantages over Kantianism, utilitarianism, and common-sense morality, and he argues that the problems of other views can be avoided and a contemporary plausible version of virtue ethics achieved only by abandoning specifically moral concepts for general aretaic notions like admirability and virtue. Although this study is not bound by particular Aristotelian doctrines, it places an Aristotelian emphasis on both self-benefiting and other-benefiting virtues. Slote criticizes Kantian and common-sense morality for internal incoherencies and for downgrading the moral individual and her well-being in some previously unnoticed ways. By contrast, this book defends a distinctive, intuitive, and symmetric ethical principle according to which we should balance self-concern with concern for others, but it also concludes that there is, contrary to utilitarianism, no single basis for status as a virtue nor any simple relation between the virtues and human well-being.
  

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Contents

Some Advantages of Virtue Ethics
3
Morality and Rationality
22
Incoherence in Kantian and CommonSense Moral Thinking
31
Utilitarianism
58
VIRTUE ETHICS 5 Rudiments of Virtue Ethics
87
Virtue Rules
104
VirtueEthical Luck
117
Virtue Self and Other
126
BETWEEN VIRTUE ETHICS AND UTILITARIANISM
169
Reduction vs Elimination
171
Two Kinds of Intrinsic Goodness
184
Reduction vs Elevation
198
The Main Issue Between Utilitarianism and Virtue Ethics
227
Utilitarian Underdetermination
239
Forms of Pluralism
249
Index
265

Virtue in Friends and Citizens
145
Virtue Ethics Imperatives and the Deontic
159

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