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Annual Report Austria-Hungary average number bituminous coal breadwinners Bureau of Labor Census cent coal mines comparative congestion decline decrease demand for labor Diagram districts earnings Eastern Europe Eastern Europeans economic effect emigration employees employment English-speaking fact factory farm laborers farmers figures foreign German gration higher houses Ibid immi immigrant labor immigrants from Southern Immigration Commission increase Industrial Commission Irish iron and steel Italian Jenks and Lauck labor unions machinery male manufactures Massachusetts ment miners native American native parentage native white number employed number of immigrants number of native occupations old immigration organization Pennsylvania percentage of foreign-born period Pittsburgh Survey population proportion races rates of wages ratio of unemployment recent immigrants skilled mechanics Slav Southern and Eastern standard of living steel workers strike supply Table tion total number trade unemployed unions United unskilled laborers West Virginia whereas workmen York City
Page 76 - English; they import many Books from Germany; and of the six printing houses in the Province, two are entirely German, two half German half English, and but two entirely English; They have one German News-paper, and one half German.
Page 76 - The signs in our streets have inscriptions in both languages, and in some places only German. They begin of late to make all their bonds and other legal instruments in their own language, which (though I think it ought not to be) are allowed good in our courts, where the German business so increases, that there is continued need of interpreters ; and I suppose in a few years they will also be necessary in the Assembly, to tell one half of our legislators what the other half say.
Page 63 - Society for the Prevention of Pauperism, in the city of New York, read and accepted, Feb.
Page 499 - ... and from 7 to 17 per cent less than it was before the sharp upward movement of prices in 1916. The purchasing power of the established week's work, moreover, was from 20 to 30 per cent less than in the nineties and from 10 to 20 per cent less than in 1915.
Page 442 - State, to issue for the payment of labor, any order or other paper whatsoever, unless the same purports to be redeemable for its face value, In lawful money of the United States...
Page 107 - No part of the population of America is exclusively agricultural, excepting slaves and their employers who combine capital and labour in particular works. Free Americans, who cultivate the soil, follow many other occupations. Some portion of the furniture and tools which they use is commonly made by themselves. They frequently build their own houses, and carry to market, at whatever distance, the produce of their own industry. They are spinners and weavers; they make soap and candles, as well as,...
Page 219 - The American shrank from the industrial competition thus thrust upon him. He was unwilling himself to engage in the lowest kind of day labor with these new elements of the population ; he was even more unwilling to bring sons and daughters into the world to enter into that competition.
Page 76 - I remember when they modestly declined intermeddling in our elections, but now they come in droves and carry all before them, except in one or two counties.
Page 76 - Those who come hither are generally the most stupid of their own nation, and, as ignorance is often attended with credulity when knavery would mislead it, and with suspicion when honesty would set it right; and...