Science and Polity in France: The End of the Old Regime

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Princeton University Press, Jul 6, 2004 - History - 601 pages
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By the end of the eighteenth century, the French dominated the world of science. And although science and politics had little to do with each other directly, there were increasingly frequent intersections. This is a study of those transactions between science and state, knowledge and power--on the eve of the French Revolution. Charles Gillispie explores how the links between science and polity in France were related to governmental reform, modernization of the economy, and professionalization of science and engineering.

  

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very informative and good use of evidence.

Contents

The State and Science
3
2 THE LIMOUSIN
12
3 THE MINISTRY OF TURGOT
15
4 ADMINISTRATIVE REFORM
21
5 CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM
33
6 MUNITIONS
50
Science and the State
74
2 THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCE
81
2 MESMERISM
261
3 MARAT
290
4 DEMACHY
330
APPLICATIONS
333
Trades and Agriculture
335
2 DUHAMEL AND THE DESCRIPTION DES ARTS ET METIERS
337
3 FORESTRY
356
4 AGRONOMY
360

3 THE OBSERVATORY OF PARIS
99
4 THE COLLEGE DE FRANCE
130
5 THE JARDIN DES PLANTES
143
PROFESSIONS
185
Science and Medicine
187
2 THE SOCIETY OF MEDICINE
194
3 SURGEONS AND APOTHECARIES
203
4 THE FACULTY OF MEDICINE
212
5 POLICE OF PUBLIC HEALTH
218
6 MEDICAL PRACTICE
226
7 SANITATION PRISONS AND HOSPITALS
244
Scientists and Charlatans
257
5 THE SOCIETY OF AGRICULTURE
368
Industry and Invention
388
SEVRES AND THE GOBELINS
390
TEXTILES MINING AND METALS PAPER
413
4 INVENTION
459
Engineering Civil and Military
479
2 THE ECOLE AND CORPS DES MINES
498
3 MILITARY ENGINEERING AND MEZIERES
506
CONCLUSION
549
BIBLIOGRAPHY
553
INDEX
579
Copyright

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Page 554 - FRANCE, et des jugemens qu'en ont portés les sociétés savantes; avec le texte des divers rapports faits en 1784 par les commissaires de l'Académie des sciences, de la faculté et de la société royale de médecine, et une analyse des dernières séances de l'Académie royale de médecine et du rapport de M.
Page 556 - COMMISSION D'HISTOIRE ÉCONOMIQUE ET SOCIALE DE LA RÉVOLUTION Collection de documents inédits sur l'histoire économique de la Révolution française.

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About the author (2004)

Charles Coulston Gillispie is Dayton-Stockton Professor Emeritus of History at Princeton University, where he founded the program in History and Philosophy of Science in 1960. His books include The Edge of Objectivity; Lazare Carnot Savant; The Montgolfier Brothers and the Invention of Aviation; Pierre-Simon Laplace: A Life in Exact Science; and Science and Polity in France: The End of the Old Regime (all Princeton). He was also the editor of the Dictionary of Scientific Biography (16 volumes, 1970-1980). In 1997, he was awarded the Balzan Prize in the History and Philosophy of Science.

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