Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems

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John M. Kimble, Bobby A. Stewart
CRC Press, Dec 20, 1999 - Technology & Engineering - 456 pages
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Tropical ecosystems - the regions between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn - play an important role in global processes, economic issues, and political concerns. In their natural state, tropical ecosystems support a large quantity of above- and below-ground biomass, and constitute a major part of the terrestrial carbon pool. Conversion of the natural ecosystem to agriculture and forestry ecosystems disturbs this ecological balance.
Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems presents data on carbon pool fluxes from case studies in 12 countries in tropical regions. The chapters cover:
  • Characteristics of tropical ecosystems
  • Soil and biotic carbon pools
  • Impacts of land use and soil management
  • Slash-and-burn practices
  • Crop residue and fertility management
    This volume adds to the understanding of pedospheric processes in tropical ecosystems and how to better use soils as a sink for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. With Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems you will understand the link between soil productivity, environmental quality and the global carbon cycle, not only in these ecologically sensitive regions but worldwide.
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    Contents

    Tropical Ecosystems and the Global C Cycle
    3
    Carbon Stocks in Soils of the Brazilian Amazon
    33
    Carbon Pools in Forest Ecosystems of Australasia and Oceania
    51
    Organic Carbon Stock in Soils of India
    71
    SlashandBurn Effects on Carbon Stocks in the Humid Tropics
    99
    Crop Residue and Fertilizer Management to Improve Soil Organic Carbon
    117
    Restorative Effects ofMucuna Utilis on Soil Organic C Pool of a Severely
    147
    R
    154
    Greenhouse Gas Emissions from LandUse Change in Brazils Amazon
    231
    Land Use Impact on Carbon Dynamics in Soils of the Arid and Semiarid
    251
    Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Carbon Sequestration in Australian
    283
    Soil Aggregation and C Sequestration
    317
    An Overview
    333
    Evaluating Tropical Soil Properties with Pedon Data Satellite Imagery
    365
    Ecosystems and Their Soils in Particular
    375
    Carbon Dioxide Measurements in the Nocturnal Boundary Layer over
    391

    Impact of Conversion of Brazilian Cerrados to Cropland and Pastureland
    169
    Soil Carbon Accumulation or Loss Following Deforestation for Pasture
    197
    The Potential and Dynamics of Carbon Sequestration in Traditional
    213
    Atmospheric CO2 Fluxes and Soil Respiration Measurements over Sugarcane
    405
    Index
    433
    Copyright

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    References to this book

    About the author (1999)

    School of Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Columbus.

    USDA/SCS

    Stewart, Advances in Soil Science, Amarillo, Texas.