Nuclear and Radiation Chemistry

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Krishna Prakashan Media
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Contents

INTRODUCTION
3
of cathode rays 8 The proton 9 Properties of proton 9 The neutron 9 The positron 10 The mesons
12
PROPERTIES OF NUCLEUS 1849
18
Atomic mass unit 19 Nuclear stability 20 Belt of stability 22 Important points 24 Meson
39
Odd even effect 48 Binding forces in nucleus
48
Harmful effects of radiation 52 Radioactive units 54 The disintegration theory 55 Rate of disintegration
55
Reprocessing of spent uranium fuel and its disposal 203 Recent methods to dispose critically
63
Half life period extremely short 61 Group displacement law 62 Radioactive series 62
68
electricity from nuclear fusion 183 Nuclear fusion and fission 185 S urces of energy 185 Steller energy
191
nuclear reactors 197 Applications of reactors 198 Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear reactors
198
CHEMISTRY OF NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION 208214
208
Effect of radioactivity on the physical properties of radioactive substances
214
change by association 219 Electron exchange reactions 219 Isotopic exchange through reversible chemi
221
Laws of coprecipitation 223 Adsorption of radioisotopes 224 Types of adsorption 224 Adsorption
227
Mossbauer spectroscopy 233 Lamb Mossbauer factor 234 Mossbauer nuclides 234 Formation
236
CHEMISTRY OF ATOMS PRODUCED IN NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION
243

Glasers Bubble chamber 76 Electroscope
76
Isoelectronic species 79 Nuclear isomers 79 Stable and unstable nuclei 79 formation of isotopes
97
Classification of nuclear reactions 104 Nuclear reactions induced by charged particles 105 Nuclear
103
of artificial transmutation 117 Important points
118
Mechanism of artificial radioactivity 123 Importance and applications of artificial radioactivity
124
Einsteinium 133 Fermium 134 Mendelevium 134 Nobelium 139 Lawrencium
136
Physical properties of technitium 139 Chemical properties of technitium 139 Compounds
144
Francium in nature 149 Physical and chemical properties of francium 149 Separation and preparation
151
tion of thorium 156 Production of thorium compounds 157 Production of metallic uranium 158 Produc
161
propertes of thorium 167 Compounds of thorium 167 Thorium in solution 168 Preparation of isotopes
168
Fissionable U 174 Test for fissionability 175 The fragment pattern 176 Atom bomb
177
Hot atom reactions in solids 251 Chemical changes in isomeric transitions 252 Chemical changes
249
in beta decay processes 253 Reactions of recoil tritium atoms 254 Reactions of recoil carbon atoms
255
APPLICATIONS OF RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES IN STUDYING
262
Mechanism of rearrangements 265 Mechanism of isomerisation 267 Mechanism of reactions involving
270
advantages of activation analysis 288 Applications 288 Prompt gamma neutron activation analysis
296
Age of rocks 297 Age of organic materials 297 Radioisotopes in biological field 298 Radioisotopes
304
radioactive isotopes from fission products of uranium 317 Formation of radioactive isotopes in nuclear
319
cal synthesis 322 Synthesis of compounds labelled with carbon14 322 Synthesis of compounds labelled
328
Physicochemical methods of synthesis 333 Synthesis of multiply labelled compounds
334
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