The Holocaust: Roots, History, and Aftermath

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Westview Press - History - 524 pages
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The Holocaust: Roots, History, and Aftermath takes a fresh, probing look at one of the greatest human tragedies in modern history. Author David M. Crowe begins with a detailed overview of the history of the Jews, their two-millennia-old struggle with a larger Christian world, and the historical anti-Semitism that created the environment that helped pave the way for the Holocaust. But it would take more than traditional prejudices to bring Europe to the edge of the Shoah. It would take someone like Adolf Hitler, who blended his own hatred of the Jews with contemporary ideas about eugenics, Aryan racial superiority, and German nationalistic frustration with the post-1918 Weimar democratic experiment, to bring to life the Nazi racial policies that led to the Final Solution-the mass murder of all of the Jews in Europe.Crowe analyzes the complex origins and evolution of these policies not only toward the Jews, the Nazis’ principal victims, but also toward the Roma, the handicapped, and other groups deemed racial or biological threats to Hitler’s goal of creating an Aryan-pure Europe. He discusses the spread of these policies in Germany as well as throughout Europe and concludes with a detailed discussion of liberation, Displaced Persons and the founding of Israel, the major war crimes investigations and trials, and continuing international efforts to bring Nazi war criminals to justice.
  

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Crowe's book is the best Holocaust textbook. But, it should have adopted a global historical perspective to history of the Shoah (persecution and Jewish genocide), to include the history of the Shoah in the French and Italian empires in North Africa (French Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Italian Libya.
To the best of my knowledge, Crowe’s textbook is the only Holocaust textbook which follows the important pedagogical guidelines of the National Council of History Education (NCHE):
“History is a great, suspenseful story whose turning-points and consequences are best revealed in a narrative that is analytical and comparative. Chronological development is essential, but within it, major topics and questions must make clear the significance of the unfolding story.”
Crowe's book provides a quite meaningful Holocaust education.
A complete meaningful Holocaust education is rooted in a true and total knowledge of the history of the Holocaust, and in a critical understanding of all the historical realities of the period. But, to reflect all the historical realities of the Shoah, Crowe should have had adopted a global historical perspective (not limited to a European approach), and should have narrated a global history of the Shoah, inclusive of the Shoah outside the geographic borders of the European continent. It is essential
1) to present all the characteristics of Nazi ideology, all the goals of the Nazi regime, and all the persecutions and murders of all the different victims;
2) to integrate thoroughly and accurately, all the political, economic, and social factors associated with this tragic history – in the geographic border of the European continent, in the French and Italian empires in North Africa, and beyond them; and
3) to teach all of them in relation to significant topics and in a consistent chronological manner. Students will then be better able to understand all the various causal chains and the many combinations of political, economic, and social factors that enabled the Holocaust to take place.
Crowe's book is a must.
Edith Shaked, Holocaust instructor
 

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Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 2 - Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: a) killing members of the group; b) causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; c) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; d) imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; e) forcibly transferring children of the...
Page 409 - All members of the Nazi party who have been more than nominal participants in its activities and all other persons hostile to allied purposes shall be removed from public and semi-public office, and from positions of responsibility in important private undertakings.
Page 93 - If at the beginning of the War and during the War twelve or fifteen thousand "of these Hebrew corrupters of the people had been held under poison gas, as happened to hundreds of thousands of our very best German workers in the field, the sacrifice of millions at the front would not have been in vain.
Page 130 - During the time of my struggle for power it was in the first instance the Jewish race which only received my prophecies with laughter when I said that I would one day take over the leadership of the State, and with it that of the whole nation, and that I would then among many other things settle the Jewish problem.
Page 130 - Today I will once more be a prophet: If the international Jewish financiers in and outside Europe should succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war, then the result will not be the bolshevization of the earth, and thus the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe!
Page 458 - Let him be crucified. So when Pilate saw that he prevailed nothing, but rather that a tumult was arising, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this righteous man: see ye to it. And all the people answered and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.
Page 93 - None but members of the nation may be citizens of the State. None but those of German blood, whatever their creed, may be members of the nation. No Jew. therefore, may be a member of the nation.
Page 296 - I keep them, because in spite of everything I still believe that people are really good at heart.
Page 230 - I've lived in here, Penned up inside this ghetto But I have found my people here. The dandelions call to me And the white chestnut candles in the court. Only I never saw another butterfly. That butterfly was the last one. Butterflies don't live in here, In the ghetto.

About the author

David M. Crowe is President Emeritus of the Association for the Study of Nationalities at Columbia University and a member of the Education Committee of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. He is currently a Fellow at the Center for Slavic, Eurasian, and East European Studies at the University of North at Carolina at Chapel Hill. His award-winning books include A History of the Gypsies of Eastern Europe and Russia and The Baltic States and the Great Powers: Foreign Relations, 1938-1940. He teaches at Elon University.

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