The Death Penalty: Beyond the Smoke and Mirrors
Capital punishment attracts strong and opposing moral positions: execution by the state under any condition is wrong versus execution as just retribution for heinous killing. In this book, the author rejects these moral arguments as a basis for determining the social value of the death penalty and considers the issue scientifically by determining whether capital punishment deters willful killing. Using evidence from legal history, the impairment / abolishment of the death penalty between 1968 and 1976 and the right of states to adopt or abolish the death penalty, this book examines the statistical relationship between the death penalty and deterrence. The investigation considers the murder rate during periods with and without the threat of capital punishment, the role of state commitment to its own capital punishment system, and fairness in administering the death penalty.
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The Interminable Debate Regarding the Death Penalty
The 45Year Study of the Death Penalty and Deterrence
Conceptual Lacunas in the Deterrence Evidence
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abolishment period abolitionist adjudication analysis assigning the death average Baldus behavior black murderers brutality capital punishment systems Change in Murder cognitive committed comparison concern conclusion considered convicted Cost/Benefit criminal circumstances criminal conduct criminal dangerousness criminal justice system dangerousness scores death penalty death-penalty statutes death-row decisions demonstrated deterrence value deterrent to murder difference disinhibition Eighth Amendment evidence expected explain factor Georgia courts greater impulsive inhibition intelligence intraracial investigation involved IQ scores ishment issue kill whites less lethal violence male manslaughter ment mental competence mental disorder mental retardation minority representation mitigation murder rate murder-rate NGRI nonlethal violence offender physical population population density post-abolishment period premeditated prison problem prosecution psychological qualify race rape received the death responsible retentionist risk sample serious severity social sodomy Supreme Court system of capital tence tion vehicular homicide victim lives violent crime voluntary manslaughter white victims white women