Bluestockings: women of reason from Enlightenment to Romanticism
Bluestockings: Women of Reason from Enlightenment to Romanticism explores the cultural history of women's literary and intellectual activity in Britain between 1750 and 1812. Richard Samuel's painting, The Nine Living Muses of Great Britain (1779), forms the starting point and guiding motif of the book. Samuel depicted Elizabeth Montagu, Elizabeth Griffith, Elizabeth Carter, Charlotte Lennox, Elizabeth Linley, Angelica Kauffman, Catharine Macauley, Anna Barbauld and Hannah More. Together these women formed an important network of artists and intellectuals, who contributed to the central cultural transformations of their time. Women forged a sense of community through their innovative use of patronage, conversation and correspondence. In the bluestocking salon these arts were developed to new levels of moral significance and provided the basis for women's involvement with the formal literary genres of their time, including Shakespearean criticism and poetry. This book highlights women's role in shaping an evolving national canon of literature. It also considers how the cultural anxiety caused by their very success in the public sphere of letters caused a new generation of male Romantics to displace women from their position of power.
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the Female Icon
Women Critics of Shakespeare
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Angelica Kauffman Anna Barbauld Anna Laetitia Barbauld Anne argued artist arts bluestocking bluestocking circle Britain British Cambridge University Press Catharine Macaulay Catherine celebrated century Chapone Charlotte Lennox civilisation classical conﬁdence contemporary context conversation correspondence critical cultural deﬁne edition Eger eighteenth Eighteenth-Century Elizabeth Carter Elizabeth Montagu Elizabeth Vesey emphasised England English engraving Enlightenment Epistles Essay female feminine Feminism ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁrst French Gender genius genre Hannah heroines Hester Chapone historians inﬂuence intellectual Ladies learning Letters literary literature Lucy Aikin male Mary Wollstonecraft Memoirs mind Montagu to Elizabeth Nine Living Muses novel original Palgrave Plate poem poetic poetry political portrait Printed public sphere published reader reﬂections role Romantic Romanticism Royal Academy salon Samuel’s painting Sarah Scott sense Shakespear Illustrated Shakespeare signiﬁcant social society speciﬁc translation Vesey virtue vols London Voltaire Warrington Academy William woman Women Poets women writers writing wrote