Scientific basis for nuclear waste management XX: symposium held December 2-6, 1996, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
Walter James Gray, Ines R. Triay
Materials Research Society, 1997 - Technology & Engineering - 1362 pages
This book features scientific research that supports the safe and effective disposal of radioactive waste in a geological repository. One highlight of the volume is the opening talk by Rustum Roy, who was instrumental in establishing the first symposium on this topic in 1978. Professor Roy summarizes his views of the past 19 years of progress in the field. A second highlight is the participation by several Russian and Ukrainian scientists who authored papers on nuclear waste disposal aspects of the Chernobyl Unit 4 reactor that exploded in April 1986. Additional topics include: glass formulations and properties; glass/water interactions; cements in radioactive waste management; ceramic and crystalline waste forms; spent nuclear fuel; waste processing and treatment; radiation effects in ceramics, glasses and nuclear waste materials; waste package materials; radionuclide solubility and speciation; radionuclide sorption; radionuclide transport; repository backfill; performance assessment; natural analogues and excess plutonium dispositioning.
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actinides adsorption alkali alteration phases americium analysis analyzed aqueous atoms Basis for Nuclear behavior bentonite borosilicate glass calculated carbonate cations chemical clay coefficients colloids complexation components concentration containing corrosion crystalline crystals density determined diffraction diffusion dissolution rate dissolved durability effect elements energy EXAFS experimental experiments Figure formation fraction fracture glass composition groundwater heat humic acids increase ions irradiated kinetics layer leach rate leach tests leachate materials matrix measured melt melter metal method mineral montmorillonite National Laboratory Nuclear Waste Nuclear Waste Management obtained oxidation oxygen parameters particles perovskite phosphate plutonium precipitation Proc radioactive waste radionuclides ratio reaction redox reducing conditions release repository samples schoepite shows silicate simulated sodium solid solubility solution sorbed sorption species spectra spent fuel structure surface area Synroc Table temperature tetravalent uranium uranyl values vitrification waste glass X-ray zeolite zirconolite