Children of the Laboring Poor: Expectation and Experience Among the Orphans of Early Modern Augsburg
A companion volume to "Charity and Economy in the Orphanages of Early Modern Augsburg," this book takes up the agency and individuality of the laboring poor and their children. It examines the economic lives of poor, distressed, or truncated families on the basis of 5,734 biographical descriptions of children who passed through the City, Catholic, and Lutheran orphanages of Augsburg between 1572 and 1806. Studied in conjunction with administrative, criminal, and fiscal records of various sorts, these "Orphan Books" reveal the laboring poor as flexible and adaptive. Their fates were determined neither by the poverty they suffered nor the charity they received. Rather, they responded to changing economic and social conditions by using Augsburg's orphanages to extend their resources, care for their children, and create opportunities. The findings will interest historians of poverty, charity, labor, and the Reformation.
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adaptation admission admitted AEK Augsburg Almosenamt Alms Lords Alms Office Anna apprentice apprenticed apprenticeship Articulus artisanal Aufnahme Augsburg’s orphanages authorities behavior Bericht Beurteilung und Verzeichnis boys burghers Caspar Catholic Lutheran TOTAL Catholic Orphanage century charity child City Catholic Lutheran City Orphanage city’s confessional costs craft debt deﬁned deﬁnition Dirrnast discipline early modern early modern Europe economic employment Entlassung Evangelisches W/aisenhaus 22 Fasc ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁnished ﬁrst ﬁxed ﬂed Friderich household Ibid idem inﬂuence institutions Johann Georg Katholisches W/aisenhaus 27 Kinder im Waisenhaus laboring poor living Lutheran Orphanage Mannhart Maria master mother Nahrung one’s Orphan Books Orphan Father orphanage records orphanage’s orphanages of Augsburg Orphans Showing parents percent placed poor relief poverty records reﬂect Regina Reichsstadt Akten retumed Saﬂey Schalk self-suﬂiciency servants social speciﬁc StadD StadtA Augsburg StadU surviving tion trade Urgicht Urgichtensammlung Verzeichnis der Kinder Vogel Waisenbuch Waisenhausordnung weaver