Shifu, Soul of Chinese Anarchism

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Rowman & Littlefield, Jan 1, 1998 - Biography & Autobiography - 289 pages
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The most comprehensive study of Shifu available, this valuable work explores the life and political milieu of a central figure in Republican China. Born in 1884, Shifu was brought down in 1915 by overwork, poverty, and tuberculosis. Yet during that short span, he became the most influential anarchist of his time. Drawing on a wealth of primary source material, Krebs provides an intellectual biography of this committed revolutionary and analyzes the importance of Shifu's thought during the New Culture-May Fourth years as his followers fought for influence with the Marxists and later over the issue of alliance with the Nationalists. Placing Shifu's life within the dynamic intellectual and political currents of the time, the author describes Shifu's early work as an assassin within the anti-Qing movement. Examining the influence on Shifu of Confucianism and Buddhism, Krebs highlights reform Buddhism's close relationship with revolutionary activism. Most significantly, Shifu's unflagging work to propagate anarchism during the early years of the Republic and his interactions with other socialists reveal a hitherto unknown level of activity among socialist revolutionaries. This important book thus offers fresh insights not only into the anarchist movement itself, but into the broader history of Chinese socialism as well.
  

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A decent look at one of the ludite "Tokyo Anarchists" of early modern China. The book is a little too soft on the guy, so it can be hard to take it seriously. Still, very interesting subject, and reliable information.

Contents

Daring to Die A Life of Shifu
1
Anarchism in Europe and in China Themes Reasserted and Themes Adapted
15
European Anarchism and Its Influence in China Proudhon the First Modern Anarchist
16
The Late Qing Intellectual Environment
23
Ways In to Anarchism
28
Assassination and the Radical Ideology Liu Sifus Route to Anarchism
33
The Tactic of Assassination and ProtoAnarchism
34
Liu Sifus Assassination Attempt in 1907
43
Renewal at Shanghai The Culmination of Shifus Career
125
A New Statement of Principles
127
Shifus Attacks on Sun Zhongshan and Jiang Kanghu
133
The State Socialism Issue and the Image of Marx
138
The End of a Brief Career
145
Some Final Comments on Theory and Practice
148
Shifus Legacy Anarchism in the New Culture Years
151
Voice of the People after Shifu
152

Lius Prison Essays
47
On Han Learning and National Essence in the Prison Essays
48
Themes in the Prison Essays
50
Buddhism in Lius Evolving Values
56
Conclusion
58
Return to Assassination
61
Emergence of the Group Style in Assassination 191011
62
Liu and the China Assassination Corps
64
The Assassination of Fengshan and Political Transition in Guangzhou and Guangdong
68
Assassination and the Qing Abdication
72
Liu Sifu in Early 1912 on the Verge of Anarchism
75
Socialism Narrow and Broad Shifus ComradeRivals in the Early Republic
77
On the Terminology of Early Chinese Socialism
78
Jiang Kanghu and the Chinese Socialist Party
79
Taixu Buddhist Reformer and Political Activist
85
Buddhism in the Revolutionary Thought of the Early Republic
94
The New Beginning Shifu Launches the Conscience Society at Guangzhou
99
The Retreat at West Lake
100
The Conscience Society Covenant
101
Commencing Propaganda Activity in Guangzhou
107
Living the Anarchist Faith
114
The CockCrow Groups Rural Commune Project
117
Flight from Guangzhou
123
Shifus Broader Appeal and Shifuism
155
Anarchism Shifu and the Early Mao Zedong
158
Anarchism in the New Culture and May Fourth Periods
160
International Revolution and Workers Issues in the Anarchist Journal Labor
164
The Question of Belief
166
Shifting Ground Slippery Footing The Anarchists vs Communists and Nationalists during the 1920s
171
Guangzhou and Other Cities as Theaters of Struggle
173
Anarchists and Communists in Guangzhou 192122
175
The Anarchists and the Guomindang
180
Anarchists Confront the GMDCCP Alliance
185
Conclusion
188
Conclusion Shifu WholeSouled Anarchist
191
Wholeness as a Theme in Shifus Career
192
Shifu and the Development of Chinese Socialism
195
Ways Out of Anarchism
198
Shifus Relevance for China Today
200
Notes
203
Glossary of Selected Items
263
Selected Bibliography
271
Index
279
About the Author
291
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

Edward S. Krebs is an independent scholar and translator based in Georgia.

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