The Emergence of Danish National Opera, 1779--1846

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ProQuest, 2008 - 223 pages
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In a reflection of the political turmoil of the first half of the nineteenth century, opera composers in Denmark consciously and purposely worked to develop a national dramaturgy that was anti-German. Inspired by new collections of Danish folk music published between 1812 and 1842, these composers created a new musical language by synthesizing elements that had been an intermittent part of the vocabulary of Danish theater music as far back as 1779. Among these characteristics are a simple, lyrical, and mainly syllabic vocal line; gently dotted 6/8 rhythms; a strong modal inflection of otherwise classical harmony; a reliance on ballad and folksong material; an eschewing of any sort of orchestral word-painting; and a particular type of rhythmic cadence unique to Scandinavia. Ironically, the majority of musicians working in Denmark were German themselves; they had simply moved to Copenhagen, learned the new language, and tried to accommodate the taste of their new audience. The gradual emergence of genuinely Danish opera offers a model of the ways in which a body of work designed for public consumption helped define a country's growing sense of nationalism in the Romantic era.
  

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Contents

List of Musical Examples
1
2 J E Hartmann Naar Sielen ei vil vinde Balders Død
23
3 J E Hartmann Liden Gunver vandrer som helst i Qvel Fiskerne
29
Holger Danske and the GermanDanish Language War
32
1 Kunzen Holger Danske De Spøgelser dansed ved Midienat
38
3 Schulz Høstgildet Nys fyldte skjon Sired
53
Two Representative Syngespil
63
1 Dupuy Ungdom og Galskab Opening
74
8 Udvalgte danske Viser Dronning Dagmar spaaes af en Havfrue
117
Danish Ballad as Opera Libretto
119
2 Kuhlau Lulu Slunken Ædderkop sidder paa Tue
127
3 Udvalgte danske Viser Kjæmperne paa Dovrefjeld
138
6 Alte Schwedische VolkMelodien Ridder Olle
145
9 Iduna Necken Kuhlau Elverhøj Dybt i Havet
150
13 Kuhlau 8 Variationen iiber ein dånisches Volkslied furs PianoForte
156
Liden Kirsten and the Creation of Danish Romantic Opera
159

5 Weyse Sovedrikken Det blanke Sværd paa Væggen hang
88
8 Schulz Lieder im Volkston Mailied
94
The Danish Folkevise
97
1a Udvalgte danske Viser Dronning Dagmars Død
104
5a Udvalgte danske Viser Elvehøj version A
110
1 J P E Hartmann Liden Kirsten Da seer I aldrig meer
169
5 J P E Hartmann Liden Kirsten Fra Klostret to Kirken
175
8 J P E Hartmann Liden Kirsten Langt langt fra Hjemmets Kyst
181
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