Fungal Strategies of Wood Decay in Trees

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 1, 2000 - Technology & Engineering - 185 pages
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Wood-destroying fungi play an important role in nature, because they are the only forms of life capable of reducing wood to its initial constituents. However, they can also be dangerous for people and property, as they can impair the stability and fracture-safety of trees. This book gives detailed information, based on new and original scientific findings, on the examination and effects of the most important species of fungi associated with failure of infected urban trees. In addition, new ways are presented for predicting the advance of decay in the living tree. The subject is illustrated and made easily accessible by numerous colored photos of fungus fruit bodies, defect symptoms, and macroscopic and microscopic pictures of wood decay. A detailed introduction to the fundamentals of wood pathology provides a way into the subjects of applied mycology and tree-care for readers without previous special knowledge.

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Examination Importance
Contents XV

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Page 178 - The fine structure of the fibres of normal and tension wood in beech (Fagus Sylvatica L.) as revealed by X-rays.
Page 176 - Production of hydrogen peroxide by wood-rotting fungi in wood and its correlation with weight loss, depolymerization and pH changes. Arch. Microbiol.
Page 177 - Nilsson, T. 1973. Studies on wood degradation and cellulolytic activity of microfungi.
Page 171 - ... their toxicity against fungi and bacteria. Holzforschung 31, 1-7 BAUCH, J., P. KLEIN, A. FRUHWALD, & H. BRILL, 1979: Alterations of wood characteristics in Abies alba Mill, due to "fir-dying" and considerations concerning its origin. Eur. J. For. Pathol. 9, 321-331 BAUCH, J., AL SHIGO & M. STARCK, 1980: Wound effects in the xylem of Acer and Betula species. Holzforschung 34, 153-160 BAUCH, J., H. GOTTSCHE-KUHN & P. RADEMACHER, 1986: Anatomische Untersuchungen am Holz von gesunden und kranken...
Page 177 - Pearce, RB (1990). Occurrence of decay-associated xylem suberization in a range of woody species.
Page 177 - W 1985 Electron microscopic demonstration of a suberised layer in the tylosis wall of beech and oak. IAWA Bull...
Page 174 - DE, and HM Craig. 1976. Factors influencing infection and initiation of decay by the Indian paint fungus (Echinodontium tinctorium) in western hemlock. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 6:299-318.
Page 177 - Holloway PJ 1984 Suberin in the sapwood of oak (Quercus robur L.): its composition from a compartmentalization barrier and its occurrence in tyloses in undecayed wood. Physiol Plant Pathol...
Page 171 - ... structural and chemical components of wood delignified by fungi. Wood Sci. Technol. 19, 35-46 BLANCHETTE, RA, L. OTJEN & MC CARLSON, 1987: Lignin distribution in cell walls of birch wood decayed by white rot basidiomycetes. Phytopathology 77, 684-690 BLANCHETTE, RA, JR OBST, JI HEDGES & K. WELIKY, 1988: Resistance of hardwood vessels to degradation by white rot basidiomycetes. Can. J. Bot. 66, 1841-1847 BLANCHETTE, RA, AR ABAD, RL FARRELL & TD LEATHERS, 1989a: Detection of lignin peroxidase and...
Page 177 - Bat., 33, 144-158, 235-254. PEACE, TR (1938). Butt Rot of Conifers in Great Britain. Quart. J. For., 32, 81-104. PERCTVAL, WC (1933). A Contribution to the Biology of Fames pini (Thore) Lloyd. Tech. Publ. Jf.T. St. Coll. For, No. 40. REA, C. (1927). Appendix to "British Basidiomycetae.

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