Fungal Strategies of Wood Decay in Trees
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 1, 2000 - Technology & Engineering - 185 pages
Wood-destroying fungi play an important role in nature, because they are the only forms of life capable of reducing wood to its initial constituents. However, they can also be dangerous for people and property, as they can impair the stability and fracture-safety of trees. This book gives detailed information, based on new and original scientific findings, on the examination and effects of the most important species of fungi associated with failure of infected urban trees. In addition, new ways are presented for predicting the advance of decay in the living tree. The subject is illustrated and made easily accessible by numerous colored photos of fungus fruit bodies, defect symptoms, and macroscopic and microscopic pictures of wood decay. A detailed introduction to the fundamentals of wood pathology provides a way into the subjects of applied mycology and tree-care for readers without previous special knowledge.
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appear Armillaria arrows beech wood birefringence bore holes Breitenbach and Kranzlin broad-leaved trees broken brown rot cambium caused cavities cell wall cell-wall cellulose chlamydospores colonization compound middle lamella conifers contrast decayed wood discoloration early stage earlywood exhibit fiber tracheids Fistulina hepatica Fomes fomentarius fracture fruit bodies fungus fungus species Grifola frondosa heartwood hemicellulose Heterobasidion annosum hyphae hyphae grow Inonotus dryadeus Inonotus hispidus Laetiporus sulphureus late stage latewood libriform fibers lignin lime wood London plane longitudinal parenchyma lumen Meripilus giganteus microscope mycelium occurs parenchyma cells Pattern of Wood pedunculate oak Phellinus robustus pinicola polyphenolic Polyporus squamosus preferential degradation radial structures reaction zone regions roots S2 layer sapwood Schwarze and Fink secondary wall section of naturally selective delignification simultaneous rot soft rot spores spread spruce stage of decay stem base substrate symptoms tangential section Transverse section tree species upper side Ustulina deusta vessels wood decay wood-decay fungi xlOOO xylem rays
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