At Peace with All Their Neighbors: Catholics and Catholicism in the National Capital, 1787-1860 (Google eBook)

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Georgetown University Press, Oct 1, 1994 - History - 320 pages
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In 1790, two events marked important points in the development of two young American institutions -- Congress decided that the new nation's seat of government would be on the banks of the Potomac, and John Carroll of Maryland was consecrated as America's first Catholic bishop. This coincidence of events signalled the unexpectedly important role that Maryland's Catholics, many of them by then fifth- and sixth-generation Americans, were to play in the growth and early government of the national capital. In this book, William W. Warner explores how Maryland's Catholics drew upon their long-standing traditions -- advocacy of separation of church and state, a sense of civic duty, and a determination "to live at peace with all their neighbors," in Bishop Carroll's phrase -- to take a leading role in the early government, financing, and building of the new capital.

Beginning with brief histories of the area's first Catholic churches and the establishment of Georgetown College, At Peace with All Their Neighbors explains the many reasons behind the Protestant majority's acceptance of Catholicism in the national capital in an age often marked by religious intolerance. Shortly after the capital moved from Philadelphia in 1800, Catholics held the principal positions in the city government and were also major landowners, property investors, and bankers. In the decade before the 1844 riots over religious education erupted in Philadelphia, the municipal government of Georgetown gave public funds for a Catholic school and Congress granted land in Washington for a Catholic orphanage.

The book closes with a remarkable account of how the Washington community, Protestants and Catholics alike, withstood the concentrated efforts of the virulently anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic American nativists and the Know-Nothing Party in the last two decades before the Civil War.

This chronicle of Washington's Catholic community and its major contributions to the growth of the nations's capital will be of value for everyone interested in the history of Washington, D.C., Catholic history, and the history of religious toleration in America.

  

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At peace with all their neighbors: Catholics and Catholicism in the national capital, 1787-1860

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The little-known and surprising story of Catholic presence in and contributions to the building of early Federal City (Washington) and the new government is told clearly and carefully by Warner, 1977 ... Read full review

Contents

A Chapel for Worship
3
The College and the Church
15
Terra Mariae
33
For Nation and Town
55
The Church
79
A Church So Crowded
81
St Patricks St Peters St Marys and More
100
The Nations Capital
121
Daniel Carroll of Duddington
166
The Passing Storm
189
Time of Wonder Time of Trial
191
A Final Test
213
Acknowledgments
231
Abbreviations
233
Notes
234
Bibliography
289

To Force a City
123
A Residence Not to Be Changed
144

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Page 13 - With a long list of Syren devils Balls, treats, and visits arts cajoling, Will set their wits and senses rolling, Till on the rocks of tempting beauty, They shipwreck honor, truth, and duty. "No, let us to the woods repair, For peace and innocence dwell there; There, in the times beyond the flood, When men were frugal, wise, and good, Beneath an oak, or beechen shade, The best of human laws were made; They wanted then no central station Their Federal Hall the whole Creation. Then let...
Page 12 - That a district of territory, not exceeding ten miles square, to be located as hereafter directed, on...
Page 7 - States. Thus it will be calculated for every Class of Citizens ; as Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, the easier Branches of the Mathematics, and the Grammar of our native Tongue, will be attended to no less than the learned Languages.

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About the author (1994)

William W. Warner is the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Beautiful Swimmers: Watermen, Crabs, and the Chesapeake Bay (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1976; reissued by Little Brown, 1994) and Distant Water: The Fate of the North Atlantic Fisherman (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1983) which was nominated as a distinguished work of non-fiction by the National Book Critics Circle. He formerly was assistant secretary for public service at the Smithsonian Institution.

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