America's God : From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Oxford University Press, Sep 13, 2002 - Religion - 640 pages
15 Reviews
Religious life in early America is often equated with the fire-and-brimstone Puritanism best embodied by the theology of Cotton Mather. Yet, by the nineteenth century, American theology had shifted dramatically away from the severe European traditions directly descended from the Protestant Reformation, of which Puritanism was in the United States the most influential. In its place arose a singularly American set of beliefs. In America's God, Mark Noll has written a biography of this new American ethos. In the 125 years preceding the outbreak of the Civil War, theology played an extraordinarily important role in American public and private life. Its evolution had a profound impact on America's self-definition. The changes taking place in American theology during this period were marked by heightened spiritual inwardness, a new confidence in individual reason, and an attentiveness to the economic and market realities of Western life. Vividly set in the social and political events of the age, America's God is replete with the figures who made up the early American intellectual landscape, from theologians such as Jonathan Edwards, Nathaniel W. Taylor, William Ellery Channing, and Charles Hodge and religiously inspired writers such as Harriet Beecher Stowe and Catherine Stowe to dominant political leaders of the day like Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln. The contributions of these thinkers combined with the religious revival of the 1740s, colonial warfare with France, the consuming struggle for independence, and the rise of evangelical Protestantism to form a common intellectual coinage based on a rising republicanism and commonsense principles. As this Christian republicanism affirmed itself, it imbued in dedicated Christians a conviction that the Bible supported their beliefs over those of all others. Tragically, this sense of religious purpose set the stage for the Civil War, as the conviction of Christians both North and South that God was on their side served to deepen a schism that would soon rend the young nation asunder. Mark Noll has given us the definitive history of Christian theology in America from the time of Jonathan Edwards to the presidency of Abraham Lincoln. It is a story of a flexible and creative theological energy that over time forged a guiding national ideology the legacies of which remain with us to this day.
  

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Review: America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

User Review  - Jay Perkins - Goodreads

"America's God" is an incredible work of historical and theological scholarship. Noll's main goal is to explain how republican ideology based on Scottish common-sense moral reasoning changed and ... Read full review

Review: America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

User Review  - Naum - Goodreads

A tour de force look at theological streams in the United States from the 1700s up until the Age of Lincoln. How fledgling Republicanism was subsumed by all of the expanding denominations that ... Read full review

Contents

Introductory
1
Theology and History
3
Theology in Colonial America
19
The Long Life and Final Collapse of the Puritan Canopy
31
The American Exception
53
Christian Republicanism
73
Theistic Common Sense
93
Colonial Theologies in the Era of the Revolution
114
Ideological Permutations
209
Americanization
225
Crisis
365
The Bible and Slavery
386
Failed Alternatives
402
Climax and Exhaustion in the Civil War
422
Contexts and Dogma
439
Notes
453

Innovative but Not American Theologies in the Era of the Revolution
138
Evangelization
159
The Evangelical Surge
161
and Constructing a New Nation
187
Glossary
563
Index
603
Copyright

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Page 16 - He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat; He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judgment seat : Oh ! be swift, my soul, to answer Him ! be jubilant, my feet ! Our God is marching on. In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea, With a glory in His bosom that transfigures you and me : As He died to make men holy, let us die to make men free, While God is marching on.

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