Parliamentary enclosure in England: an introduction to its causes, incidence, and impact, 1750-1850
Parliamentary intervention caused the enclosure of common land into smaller, privately-owned units of land, replacing the traditional open-field system of farming which gave all -- even the poorest in society -- a share of common land. Gordon Mingay examines how Parliamentary enclosure changed forever the way of life and the very appearances of British villages. He also explores its effect on the food supply, and the resulting dispossession of the rural poor from their lands.
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The Anatomy of Enclosure
The Objectives of Enclosure
The Process of Parliamentary Enclosure
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acreage acres affected Agrarian Agricultural History Review allotments Annals of Agriculture areas Arthur Young Award Barton-upon-Humber Bedfordshire Buckinghamshire Cambridge Univ Cambridgeshire cent Chapman Commissioners common rights commons and waste commutation compensation considerable cottagers counties cows crops cultivation drainage Economic History employment Enclosure Acts England example expanding expenses farming favour fences fields and commons figure freeholders fuel grazing Guilden Morden heavily enclosed holdings Ibid important improvement increase industrial instances involved Kingston Deverill labour landlords landowners large number later eighteenth century Lincolnshire livestock Longleat lord major manor meet Michael Turner Midlands Napoleonic Wars Northamptonshire old enclosures open fields open-field arable Otmoor outlays parish Parliament parliamentary enclosure pasture perhaps period poor post-enclosure private Act production proportion proprietors public costs rents result ring-fencing rise roads sheep small farmers small owners soil surveyor Swing riots tenants tion tithe-owner tithes towns Turner village Warwickshire waste lands