Tracing the Boundaries Between Hindi and Urdu: Lost and Added in Translation Between 20th Century Short Stories
This book sheds light on the complex relationship between Hindi and Urdu. Through a detailed reading of a representative set of 20th century short stories in both languages, the author leads the reader towards a clear definition of the differences between Hindi and Urdu. The full translations of the stories have been extensively annotated to point out the details in which the Hindi and Urdu versions differ. An overview of early and contemporary Hindi/Urdu and Hindustani grammars and language teaching textbooks demonstrates the problems of correctly naming and identifying the two languages. This book now offers a detailed and systematic database of syntactic, morphological and semantic differences between the selected Hindi and Urdu stories. A useful tool for all scholars of modern Hindi/Urdu fiction, (socio-)linguistics, history or social sciences.
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I Practices of Codification
II The Authors Their Stories and the Stylistic Differences
III Linguistic Differences in the Short Story Corpus
IV The Differences Reconsidered
Abdul Adha Arabic auxiliary verb background Bektasi bilingual corpus Bismillāh British broken plural century changes characters context cultural Delhi dervish Devanāgarī script dictionaries divergence East Pakistan English guage gul bābā bek Gulzār haim Hindī Hindi and Urdu Hindi edition Hindi text Urdu Hindi version Urdu Hindi-Urdu Hindu Hindustānī India indicate Indo-Aryan languages instances Islamic izāfat izāfat-construction karnā Khānam Khauf Khudā language usage lexical linguistic literary Mano Manovrtti Manto McGregor meaning Muslim Naghma Naghma-e rūh noun omitted Pakistan participle Partition Persian Perso-Arabic script Perso-Arabic words Pfct postposition Premcand pronoun published Qurrat ul-ʿain Haidar registers replaced Sāhib Sanskrit Sanskritic words seems sentence short stories Singh speakers story in short style Sufi Sufism tense text Hindi translation text Urdu translation Thamda tion Urdū Urdu edition Urdu grammar Urdu original Urdu story Urdu text Hindi Urdu version Premcand version Urdu version writing written Yildirim