The Invention of Decolonization: The Algerian War and the Remaking of France

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Cornell University Press, 2006 - History - 288 pages
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In this account of the Algerian War's effect on French political structures and notions of national identity, Todd Shepard asserts that the separation of Algeria from France was truly a revolutionary event with lasting consequences for French social and political life. For more than a century, Algeria had been legally and administratively part of France; after the bloody war that concluded in 1962, it was other--its eight million Algerian residents deprived of French citizenship while hundreds of thousands of French pieds noirs were forced to return to a country that was never home. This rupture violated the universalism that had been the essence of French republican theory since the late eighteenth century. Shepard contends that because the amputation of Algeria from the French body politic was accomplished illegally and without explanation, its repercussions are responsible for many of the racial and religious tensions that confront France today. In portraying decolonization as an essential step in the inexorable "tide of history," the French state absolved itself of responsibility for the revolutionary change it was effecting. It thereby turned its back not only on the French of Algeria--Muslims in particular--but also on its own republican principles and the 1958 Constitution. From that point onward, debates over assimilation, identity, and citizenship--once focused on the Algerian "province/colony"--have troubled France itself. In addition to grappling with questions of race, citizenship, national identity, state institutions, and political debate, Shepard also addresses debates in Jewish history, gender history, and queer theory.
  

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Contents

Introduction i
9
Inventing Decolonization
55
The Tide of History versus the Laws of the Republic
82
Forgetting French Algeria
101
Between France and Algeria
137
The Jews of France
169
Veiled Muslim Women Violent Pied Noir Men and
183
The Exodus and After
205
Rejecting the Muslims
229
The PostAlgerian Republic
248
Forgetting Algerian France
269
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Todd Shepard is Assistant Professor of History at Temple University.

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