Persepolis Pictorial History of Persepolis The Glorious Ceremonial Capital of the Persian Empire During the Achaemenian Dynasty, who founded the First World Empire in 550 BC Symbol of Persians’ Enduring Greatness The construction of the greatest engineering achievement in ancient time was started by Dariush, King of Ahaemenan Empire, 518 BC (85 years before the Greek Parthenon). IT measures 140, 000 square meters and is located 58 kilometers north of Shiraz. Persepolis is comprised of architectural wonders such as the 100 Column Hall, the Magnificent Eastern Stairway on the Apadana Audience Hall, the Tripylon, between two Great Halls, the Gate of Nations, the Double-Headed Eagle, Lion, Bulls Capital, and the Battle between the Lion and Bull, the Great artwork which represents the change of seasons. According to archeologists and historians, Persepolis is the greatest structural masterpiece of the Ancient World; no other palace has had much impact on mankind as Persepolis has. It is fair to call Persepolis one of the Ancient Wonders of the World. By 330 BC, Alexander arrived in Persepolis. This era exemplified the magnificent glory of the Persian Empire. Persepolis intrigued Alexander; he pillaged, robbed, and removed vast treasures using 5,000 camels and 20,000 mules. Alexander thoughtlessly burned Persepolis to the ground. Along with it, he destroyed human culture, history, and knowledge. It was considered to be a thoughtless and unnecessary act. When he died on June 13, 323 BC, smoke was still rising from the smoldering ashes of Persepolis.
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