The Underground Railroad in Floyd County, Indiana
Floyd County, Indiana, and its county seat, New Albany, are located directly across the Ohio River from Louisville, Kentucky. Louisville was a major slave-trade center, and Indiana was a free state. Many slaves fled to Floyd County via the Underground Railroad, but their fight for freedom did not end once they reached Indiana. Sufficient information on slaves coming to and through this important area may be found in court records, newspaper stories, oral history accounts, and other materials that a full and fascinating history is possible, one detailing the struggles that runaway slaves faced in Floyd County, such as local, state, and federal laws working together to keep them from advancing socially, politically, and economically. This work also discusses the attitudes, people, and places that help in explaining the successes and heartaches of escaping slaves in Floyd County. Included are a number of freedom and manumission papers, which provided court certification of the freedom of former slaves.
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The AntiBlack Bias
The Free African American Community
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abolitionist African American African American community Albany Daily Ledger Albany Tribune Albany-Floyd County Public Albany-Salem Railroad American Home Missionary arrested August became born census Cincinnati citizens Civil Clark County color County Public Library Court Records cross the Ohio December Deed of Manumission Emancipation escape Exclusion Act ferry Findley Floyd County Floyd County court Franklin Township Frederick Douglass free African American free blacks freedom papers Fugitive Slave George Washington Carter Grundy Harrison County Henry Ibid indenture Indiana History Room Indianapolis Isaac James January Jeffersonville John July June Kentucky lived located Locklayer Louisville Main Street McIntosh mulatto negro newspaper October Ohio River owner preacher Proof of Freedom purchased regiment residents runaway slaves Salem Samuel Sarah School Second Presbyterian Church Seminary slavery Smith Sneed South Southern Indiana steamboat Sweet Gum Stable Thomas Township Underground Railroad West Union Wrege Indiana History