Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World (Google eBook)

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University of California Press, Mar 3, 1991 - History, Modern - 608 pages
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What can the great crises of the past teach us about contemporary revolutions? Arguing from an exciting and original perspective, Goldstone suggests that great revolutions were the product of 'ecological crises' that occurred when inflexible political, economic, and social institutions were overwhelmed by the cumulative pressure of population growth on limited available resources. Moreover, he contends that the causes of the great revolutions of Europe the English and French revolutions were similar to those of the great rebellions of Asia, which shattered dynasties in Ottoman Turkey, China, and Japan. The author observes that revolutions and rebellions have more often produced a crushing state orthodoxy than liberal institutions, leading to the conclusion that perhaps it is vain to expect revolution to bring democracy and economic progress. Instead, contends Goldstone, the path to these goals must begin with respect for individual liberty rather than authoritarian movements of 'national liberation.' Arguing that the threat of revolution is still with us, Goldstone urges us to heed the lessons of the past. He sees in the United States a repetition of the behavior patterns that have led to internal decay and international decline in the past, a situation calling for new leadership and careful attention to the balance between our consumption and our resources. Meticulously researched, forcefully argued, and strikingly original, "Revolutions and Rebellions in the Early Modern World" is a "tour de force" by a brilliant young scholar. It is a book that will surely engender much discussion and debate.
  

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Contents

The Central Problem How To Explain the Periodic Waves of State Breakdown in the Early Modern World
1
B Social Theory Social Science and Comparative History
39
State Breakdown in Early Modern Europe The English Revolution
63
A Theoretical Controversies Demographic and Economic Trends
64
B The Developing Crisis of the TudorStuart Monarchy 15001640
92
France and Spain in the Seventeenth Century
156
State Breakdown in Early Modern Europe The French Revolution
170
B THE DEVELOPING CRISIS OF FRENCH ABSOLUTISM 17001789
196
A Theoretical Controversies Demographic and Economic Trends
351
B The Developing Crises in Ottoman Anatolia and Ming China c 15001650
362
The Nineteenthcentury Crises in Qing China the Ottoman Empire and Tokugawa Japan
390
Ideology Cultural Frameworks Revolutionary Struggles and State Reconstruction
416
From Past to Present
459
Appendix
499
Bibliography
503
Index
589

THE NINETEENTHCENTURY WAVE OF EUROPEAN REVOLUTIONS
285
State Breakdown in Early Modern Asia The Ottoman Crisis and the MingQing Transition
349

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Page xxviii - Chairman of the Division of Humanities and Social Sciences at the California Institute of Technology in order to join us, though he continues to teach a course there.

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