Human Ethology (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Transaction Publishers, Mar 1, 2007 - Social Science - 848 pages
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With the discovery of conditioned reflexes by I. P. Pavlov, the possibilities for experimenting, following the example set by the classical, exact sciences, were made available to the behavioral sciences. Many psychologists hoped that the component parts of behavior had also been found from which the entire, multifaceted cosmos of behavior could then be constructed. An experimentally oriented psychology subsequently developed including the influential school of behaviorism.

This first text on human ethology presents itself as a unified work, even though not every area could be treated with equal depth. For example, a branch of ethology has developed in the past decade which places particular emphasis on ecology and population genetics. This field, known as sociobiology, has enriched discussion beyond the boundaries of behavioral biology through its stimulating, and often provocative, theses.

After vigorous debates between behaviorists, anthropologists, and sociologists, we have entered a period of exchange of thoughts and a mutual approach, which in many instances has led to cooperative projects of researchers from different disciplines. This work offers a biological point of view for discussion and includes data from the author's cross-cultural work and research from the staff of his institute. It confirms, above all else, the astonishing unity of mankind and paints a basically positive picture of how we are moved by the same passions, jealousies, friendliness, and active curiosity.

The need to understand ourselves has never been as great as it is today. An ideologically torn humanity struggles for its survival. Our species, does not know how it should compensate its workers, and it experiments with various economic systems, constitutions, and forms of government. It struggles for freedom and stumbles into newer conflicts. Population growth is apparently completely out of hand, and at the same time many resources are being depleted. We must consider our existence rationally in order to understand it, but certainly not with cold, calculating reason but with the warm feeling of a heart concerned for the welfare of later generations.

  

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Contents

53 Functional Aspects of Aggressive Behavior
391
Summary 53
396
Summary 54
399
Summary 55
402
Summary 56
421
Communication
424
61 Olfactory Communication
426
Summary 61
429

The Neuroethology of Human Freedom
86
Summary 23
90
Summary 24
102
Methodology
104
31 Gestalt Perception and Cognition
105
Summary 31
107
Summary 32
112
Summary 33
132
Summary 34
147
35 Quantifying Ethology
148
Summary 35
161
Summary 36
165
Social Behavior
166
41 Origins of Sociability
167
Summary 41
169
42 The Ambivalence of Approach and Withdrawal in Human Interactions
170
Summary 42
184
Summary 43
234
44 Family and Marriage
235
Summary 44
238
Summary 45
260
46 Incest Taboos and Incest Avoidance
261
Summary 46
264
47 Sex Roles and Their Differentiation
265
Summary 47
288
Family Kin and Alliances
289
Summary 48
296
49 Rank Order Dominance
297
Summary 49
314
Summary 410
320
411 Territoriality
321
Summary 411
339
Summary 412
358
Intraspecific Aggression Conflict and War
360
51 Concepts
361
Summary 51
364
52 Aggression Theories
365
Summary 52
386
62 Tactile Communication
430
63 Visual Communication
437
Summary 63
492
64 Interaction StrategiesThe Universal Grammar of Human Social Behavior
493
Summary 64
522
65 On the Ethology of Verbal Communication
523
Summary 65
546
Behavior Development Ontogeny
548
71 Developmental Theories
549
Summary 71
580
Summary 72
593
73 The Development of Interpersonal Relationships
594
74 Child GroupsChild Culture
600
Summary 74
605
Man and His Habitat Ecological Considerations
606
Hominization and Behavior
607
Summary 81
616
Summary 82
628
83 On the Ethology of Settlement and Residence
629
Summary 83
648
84 Social Order and Human Behavior
649
Summary 84
662
85 Concluding Thoughts
663
The Beautiful and True The Ethological Contribution to Aesthetics
664
91 Aesthetics and Fine Arts
665
Summary 91
673
Summary 92
677
Summary 93
685
Summary 94
690
Summary 95
702
Biologys Contribution to Ethics
704
Summary 10
717
Conclusion
718
Bibliography
720
Film Publications of Human Ethology
789
Author Index
805
Subject Index
824
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