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What is Science?
Science and Other Pursuits of Truth
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abstract antecedent conditions argument argument form assertion assumption axiomatic system axioms basis body called causal Chapter characteristics characterized claim common sense concept conclusion confirmation consists deductive deductive reasoning defined definition Descartes describe discovery distinction elements empirical empiricism event evidence example experience experimental explanandum explanans explanation explanatory expressed factors facts factual false formal function Galileo given human hypothesis Ibid inductive inference inquiry instance interpretation interval scale involves IRREFLEXIVE RELATION kind knowledge language laws logical mathematical means measurement metalanguage motion nature objects observation occurrence ostensive definition particular Philosophy of Science physical possible postulates prediction premises principle probability problem procedure propositions question ratio scale rational reasoning refers relation relevant retroduction rules Russell scale scientific method scientific theory scientists situation specified statements symbols test implications theoretical things thinking tion true truth universal variable verification words