Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity: Neighbours and Rivals

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 13, 2007 - History - 347 pages
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The foundation of the Sasanian Empire in Persia in AD 224 established a formidable new power on the Roman Empire's eastern frontier, and relations over the next four centuries proved turbulent. This book provides a chronological narrative of their relationship, supported by a substantial collection of translated sources illustrating structural patterns. The political goals of the two sides, their military confrontations and their diplomatic solutions are discussed, as well as the common interests between the two powers. Special attention is given to the situation of Arabia and Armenia, to economic aspects, the protection of the frontiers, the religious life in both empires and the channels of communication between East and West. Considerable attention is also paid to exploring the role played by the Sasanians in the history of the ancient Near East. The book will prove invaluable for students and non-specialists interested in late antiquity and early Byzantium.
  

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Contents

West and East friend and foe counterpart
1
Maps
4
Rome and Iran to the beginning of the third century ad
9
Asia Minor and the Roman Eastern provinces page
10
A chronological survey
18
Sasanian Iran
20
Northern Mesopotamia and adjacent regions
30
Political goals
53
1314 Dara City wall and watchtower
102
The sphere of contact in the Near East between Iran and the Arabs in preIslamic and early Islamic times
111
Textile fragment from Antinoe in Egypt
114
The diplomatic solutions
119
Coin of Philip the Arab 244
121
The TransTigritania
127
Arabia between the great powers
152
Palmyra and the Roman East in the second century
157

Kabai Zardust page
58
The three languages of the Sapur Inscription SKZ
59
The RomanSasanian Frontier in late antiquity
61
Warfare
63
Sasanian sites
68
Equestrian statue of Xusro II at Taqi Bustan 6j 4 Sketch of the relief from Taqi Bustan
69
Military confrontations
70
The Roman Near East and the Western regions of the Sasanian Empire
72
Coin of Severus Alexander reverse 233
76
Triumphal relief of Sapur I at Bisapur
78
Paris Cameo
81
Illustration of the Sahnama representing the victory of Sapur I against Valerian Miniatures of the Berlin manuscript 1605
83
The capture of Valerian Hans Holbein Basle 1521
85
Medallion of Galerius 298
87
The Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki Detail from the NorthEast
88
Rock relief of Ardasir II in Taqi Bustan
93
Lahmids and Gassanids along the RomanSasanian frontier
166
Continuing conflicts
173
Armenia at the time of the Parthian Empire
175
The Caucasus
189
The Silk Road from China to the Roman Orient
198
The ByzantineSasanian borderlands 243
206
Christianity and Zoroastrianism
210
Emperor and King of kings
232
Rockrelief at Naqsi Rustam representing the investiture of Ardasir I
235
The great hall of the palace in Bisapur
257
Lists ofSasanian kings and Roman emperors
266
Bibliography
282
Index of sources
326
Index of place names
339
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About the author (2007)

Engelbert Winter is Professor of Ancient History at the University of Münster.

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