Governor Alexander Martin: Biography of a North Carolina Revolutionary War Statesman

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McFarland, Feb 5, 2004 - History - 256 pages
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Governor Alexander Martin of North Carolina was one of the most important figures in the colonial and early state history of North Carolina. A 1756 graduate of Princeton, he was the first president of the Board of Trustees of the University of North Carolina. He served longer as governor of the state than any other person until the election of Luther Hodges in the 20th century. He was conferred an honorary doctorate by Princeton and elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society while he was a U.S. senator. While in the Senate, he fought successfully to open the Senate to the public. He was one of five North Carolina delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. He was a friend and protector of the Moravians and other non-conformists. He was the most powerful and effective leader from the frontier region of North Carolina for a quarter of a century. The first chapters of this biography discuss Martin's parents and their high regard for education, his time at Princeton, and his arrival in North Carolina in 1760. The next chapters explore Martin's and Rev. David Caldwell's effort to prevent bloodshed during Governor Tryon's confrontation with the Regulators that led up to the Battle of Alamance, Martin's experiences in the war as second in command of the North Carolina Regiment, his election as senator from Guilford County to the General Assembly in 1777, and his much-celebrated election as governor in 1781. The final three chapters of the book include information about his years in the U.S. Senate, his retirement at his home "Danbury" in Rockingham, North Carolina, his relationship with his family and his very detailed last will and testament. His home, "Danbury," later gave its name to Danbury, North Carolina, in Stokes County, which his nephews helped found about 1848, long after his death.
  

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Contents

Foreword by Lindley S Butler
1
Preface
3
Martins Youth and Education in New Jersey
9
Martins Arrival in Salisbury North Carolina
19
The Unrest of the Regulators
28
A Move to Guilford County
35
War against the British and the Incident at Germantown
44
Martin as Speaker of the Senate and as President of the Board of War
54
The U S Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia
110
Debate over Ratification of the Constitution
121
Elected Governor Again
132
The Development of the First State University
141
Washingtons Southern Tour and the Establishment of a State Capital
151
Martin as United States Senator
161
Martin Becomes Wonderfully Federal
173
Martins Final Role as Governor
186

Martins First Term as Governor
67
A Time of Peace Independence and Rebuilding
75
The Cession of Western Lands
90
Martins Personal Life at Danbury
104
EpilogueThe Final Resting Place of Alexander Martin
199
Bibliography
225
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Charles D. Rodenbough has written articles for such publications as Russian Life, Middle Tennessee Journal of Genealogy & History, Religion in Eastern Europe and Rockingham County Journal of History and Genealogy. He lives in Greensboro, North Carolina.

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