Fighting for a Living Wage

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Cornell University Press, 2004 - Law - 266 pages
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The living wage movement is considered by many to be the most interesting grassroots enterprise to emerge since the civil rights movement. Ten years after the first ordinance was passed in Baltimore, there are more than one hundred living wage ordinances on the books across the United States, and the movement continues to thrive and grow, despite increasing opposition. This book is not a simple celebration of the living wage movement, but a critical evaluation in which Stephanie Luce, a national expert on living wage campaigns, assesses the strengths and shortcomings of various campaigns and their resulting implementation.

Although many local governments have been convinced to pass living wage ordinances, the movement has had less success in ensuring that these ordinances are fully realized. Some cities have consistently enforced their ordinances after passage. In other communities implementation is weak or nonexistent, and thousands of workers do not benefit from laws designed to ensure that they are paid a living wage.

Luce provides in Fighting for a Living Wage the first serious examination of the reasons for implementation failure, as well as an analysis of the factors that lead to success. Luce argues that citizens can play a significant role in implementing and monitoring living wage policies, even where governments oppose the movement or are reluctant to enforce the laws in question. Luce finds that the nature of the campaign to formulate and pass policy can influence the likelihood of successful implementation. Surprisingly, the chances for thorough enforcement are greater in communities where living wage campaigns caused more, not less, conflict.

  

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Contents

The Politics of Implementation
1
The Future of the Hving Wage Movement and Lessons for Policy
11
The Political and Economic Context
15
Overview of the Movement
32
j4 Closer Look at Living Wage Campaigns
57
Living Wage Outcomes
71
What Happens after Laws Are Passed?
95
Fighting from the Outside
112
Coalitions Playing a Formal Role
131
Inside and Outside Strategies
150
Other Outcomes beyond Implementation
181
Implementation
207
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About the author (2004)

Stephanie Luce is Assistant Professor and Research Director at the Labor Center at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst

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