Hellenistic and Roman Ideal Sculpture: The Allure of the Classical
In this book, Rachel Kousser draws on contemporary reception theory to present a new approach to Hellenistic and Roman ideal sculpture. She analyzes the Romans' preference for retrospective, classicizing statuary based on Greek models as opposed to the innovative creations prized by modern scholars. Using a case study of a particular sculptural type, a forceful yet erotic image of Venus, Kousser argues that the Romans self-consciously employed such sculptures to represent their ties to the past in a rapidly evolving world. Kousser presents Hellenistic and Roman ideal sculpture as an example of a highly effective artistic tradition that was, by modern standards, extraordinarily conservative. At the same time, the Romans' flexible and opportunistic use of past forms also had important implications for the future: it constituted the origins of classicism in Western art.
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Acrocorinth Antonine Aphrodite of Capua Aphrodite of Melos appropriate Arcadius Arch of Constantine artists Athena Parthenos Augustan Augustus Brescia Capua type chapter chiton Christian coins Column of Trajan context Corinth cult culture decoration divine earlier early imperial elite emperor empire example ﬁg ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst century ﬁt Flavian ﬂexible Forum Augustum funerary Furtw¨angler gems goddess gods Greek art H¨olscher Herculaneum Herculaneum Women iconography identiﬁed imperial art imperial victory inscribing inscription instance Kousser Late Antique literary Mainz marble Marcus Aurelius Mars-Venus group military models monuments Museo Museum mythological offered Onthe original pagan particular patrons period Photo courtesy popular portraits previous bibliography recent reliefs replication retrospective Roman art Roman ideal sculpture Rome sarcophagi scholars second century a.d. sestertius shield signiﬁcant statue group statue types statue’s statuettes style suggest terracotta third century a.d. tomb traditional Trimble V´enus de Milo Venus versions Victoria viewers villa visual format visual language Zanker
Page 12 - The exactness of their technique and the combination of antiquarian interest and instructiveness in their subjects are truly seductive and call for a cultivated spectator.