Peronism Without Perón: Unions, Parties, and Democracy in Argentina

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Stanford University Press, 1997 - History - 388 pages
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Peronism, the Argentine political movement created by Juan Perón in the 1940's, has revolved since its inception around a personalistic leader, a set of powerful trade unions, and a weakly institutionalized political party. This book examines why Peronism continued to be weakly institutionalized as a party after Perón was overthrown in 1955 and argues that this weakness has impeded the consolidation of Argentine democracy.

Within an analysis of Peronism from 1943 to 1995, the author pays special attention to the 1962-66 and 1984-88 periods, when some Peronist politicians and union leaders tried, but failed, to strengthen the party structure. By identifying the forces that led to these efforts of party-building and by analyzing the counterforces that thwarted them, he shows how these failures have shaped Argentina's experience with democracy.

Drawing on this interpretation of Peronism and its place in Argentine politics, the book develops a distributive conflict/political party explanation for Argentina's democratic instability and contrasts it to alternatives that stress economic dependency, populist economic policies, political culture, and military interventionism.

  

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Contents

Peronism Party Institutionalization
1
Sectoral Elites and Political Parties Before Peron
29
Peronism and Its Legacy
50
Peronism Proscription and the Rise of Augusto
80
Vandor Versus Peron
112
Revolution Restoration and Repression
151
The Rise and Fall of Renewal Peronism
185
FreeMarket Reform and Political Shenanigans
216
Distributive Conflict Party Institutionalization
262
Notes
287
Works Cited
339
Index
369
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About the author (1997)

James W. McGuire is Associate Professor of Government at Wesleyan University.

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