Sufi and Scholar on the Desert Edge: Muḥammad B. ʻAlī Al-Sanūsī and His Brotherhood

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Northwestern University Press, 1995 - Biography & Autobiography - 310 pages
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The Sanusiya was one of the most influential Islamic movements in North Africa and the Sahara in the nineteenth Century. Its basis was laid by Maghrebi scholar Muhammad b. Ali al-Sanusi (1787-1859). From a background of studies in Sufism and Islamic law, he traveled and studied throughout the Islamic world before settling in Libya to found a new Sufi brotherhood dedicated to the development and spread of Islam among the Saharan Beduins. But the brotherhood's success in organizing the desert peoples eventually transformed it from scholarly and spiritual pursuits into a protector of Saharan trade and defender of Islam. Sufi and Scholar on the Desert Edge focuses on the intellectual tradition that formed al-Sanusi, and also presents his writings and an overview of the Sanusiya order in the mid-nineteenth century.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Arabic sources
13
Perspectives
19
Fez before 1820
32
Sufi Contacts in the Maghreb
49
Studies in the East
81
Vffl
85
The Influence of Ibn Idris
100
Founding the Order in Cyrenaica
132
Return to the Hijaz
161
The Order
181
The Writings of alSanusl
218
The Opposition
241
Conclusion
265
Bibliography
274
Copyright

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Page 285 - No. l (1941): 69-84. 1941 Foreword, pp. ix-xi, to The Moulids of Egypt (Egyptian Saints-Days) by JW McPherson, NM Press, Cairo. 1943a Note of the Nasaires, in A Note on the Alawites (Security), MEIC, GHQ, MEF [Mimeographed]. 1943b The Place of the Sanusiya in the History of Islam. British Military Administration, Cyrenaica; republished by British Military Administration, Tripolitania, 1945. 1944a [Editor] Handbook of Cyrenaica (reserved), GHQ, MEF 1944b Tribes (Habitat and Way of Life), in (1944a),...
Page 285 - La Confrérie musulmane de Sîdi Mohamed Ben 'Alî esSenoûsî et son domaine géographique en l'année 1300 de l'hégire=1883 de notre ère', Bulletin de la Société de Géographie, Paris v, 1 884 (also published as a pamphlet, Paris 1884; re-edited with notes by Carlo Nallino, Rome 1918).

About the author (1995)

Knut S. Viktor, director of the Center of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, University of Bergen, Norway, is editor of Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical Sources.

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