East Asian Monsoon (Google eBook)
C. P. Chang
World Scientific, 2004 - Nature - 576 pages
The East Asian summer monsoon has complex space and time structures that are distinct from the South Asian summer monsoon. It covers both subtropics and midlatitudes and its rainfall tends to be concentrated in rain belts that stretch for many thousands of kilometers and affect China, Japan, Korea, and the surrounding areas. The circulation of the East Asian winter monsoon encompasses a large meridional domain with cold air outbreaks emanating from the Siberian high and penetrates deeply into the equatorial Maritime Continent region, where the center of maximum rainfall has long been recognized as a major planetary scale heat source that provides a significant amount of energy which drives the global circulation during boreal winter. The East Asian summer monsoon is also closely linked with the West Pacific summer monsoon. Both are part of the global climate system and are affected by El Nino?Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and surface temperature variations in the western Pacific and surrounding oceans, the tropospheric biennial oscillation, and the South Asian summer monsoon. In addition, typhoons in the western North Pacific are most active during the East Asian summer monsoon. They may be considered as a component of the East Asian summer monsoon as they contribute substantial amounts of rainfall and have major impacts on the region. Because of its impacts on nearly one-third of the worldOCOs population and on the global climate system (including effects on the climate change), the study of the East Asian monsoon has received increased attention both in East Asian countries and in the United States. This book presents reviews of recent research on the subject."
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The East Asia Winter Monsoon
Annual Cycle and Boreal Winter Variability
East Asian Monsoon ENSO Interactions
Climate Variations of the Summer Monsoon over China
Simulations by a GFDL GCM of ENSORelated Variability of the Coupled
Current Status of AGCM Monsoon Simulations
Simulation Studies of the Asian Monsoon Using the CCSRNIES AGCM
Large and Mesoscale Features of MeiyuBaiu Front Associated with
Results from the 1998 SCSMEX
MonsoonRelated Tropical Cyclones in East Asia
Formation of the Summertime Subtropical Anticyclones
Maintenance and Seasonal Transitions of the Stationary Waves during
Asia Asian summer monsoon associated Atmos atmospheric Bay of Bengal Chen Climate climatological cloud systems composite convective activities convergence correlation deep convection East Asian monsoon East Asian summer easterly eastern eastward EAWM El Nino ENSO equatorial Figure flow flux geopotential height Huaihe River Huang Indian Ocean indicate interaction interannual variability interdecadal intraseasonal Japan layer low-level Maritime Continent maximum Meiyu Meiyu front Meiyu-Baiu meridional mesolow mesoscale Meteor moisture monsoon region monsoon trough Nino northward observed oscillation pattern pentad period Philippines precipitation rainband reanalysis sensible heating shear shown in Fig simulation South China Sea southern SST anomalies SSTA stationary wave strong subtropical anticyclone summer monsoon rainfall surface Taiwan TAMEX teleconnection temperature thermal Tibetan Plateau tropical cyclone tropical cyclone formation tropical western Pacific troposphere variations vortex vorticity Wang warm westerlies western North Pacific winter monsoon Zhang zonal zone
Page 32 - ... progress has been made so far in operational forecasting, due to the complexities of this problem. It is believed that three large-scale aspects are mainly responsible for the occurrence of heavy rains in China. First, the summer monsoons coming from India and the West Pacific play an important role. The rainy season in China generally begins with the onset of the summer monsoon and ends with its withdrawal . Rainfall intensity and its variation are closely related to the fluctuations of...