Growing Smarter: Achieving Livable Communities, Environmental Justice, and Regional Equity

Front Cover
Robert Doyle Bullard
MIT Press, 2007 - Architecture - 407 pages
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The smart growth movement aims to combat urban and suburban sprawl by promoting livable communities based on pedestrian scale, diverse populations, and mixed land use. But, as this book documents, smart growth has largely failed to address issues of social equity and environmental justice. Smart growth sometimes results in gentrification and displacement of low- and moderate-income families in existing neighborhoods, or transportation policies that isolate low-income populations. Growing Smarter is one of the few books to view smart growth from an environmental justice perspective, examining the effect of the built environment on access to economic opportunity and quality of life in American cities and metropolitan regions.The contributors to Growing Smarter--urban planners, sociologists, economists, educators, lawyers, health professionals, and environmentalists--all place equity at the center of their analyses of "place, space, and race." They consider such topics as the social and environmental effects of sprawl, the relationship between sprawl and concentrated poverty, and community-based regionalism that can link cities and suburbs. They examine specific cases that illustrate opportunities for integrating environmental justice concerns into smart growth efforts, including the dynamics of sprawl in a South Carolina county, the debate over the rebuilding of New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina, and transportation-related pollution in Northern Manhattan. Growing Smarter illuminates the growing racial and class divisions in metropolitan areas today--and suggests workable strategies to address them.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Smart Growth Meets Environmental Justice
23
Access to Opportunities through Regional Strategies
51
3 ?Quien es Mas Urbanista? Latinos and Smart Growth
73
A Mayors Reflections
103
An Experience in Metropolitan Governance
127
6 Smart Growth and the Legacy of Segregation in Richland County South Carolina
149
7 Food Justice and Health in Communities of Color
171
A Review of MPOs
249
Clean and Just Transportation in Northern Manhattan
273
12 Linking Transportation Equity and Environmental Justice with Smart Growth
299
13 Building Regional Coalitions between Cities and Suburbs
323
14 Smart Growth Tools for Revitalizing Environmentally Challenged Urban Communities
345
Growing Smarter and Fairer
371
Contributors
379
Index
381

Rebuilding a New New Orleans
189
9 Confronting Transportation Sprawl in Metro Atlanta
215

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About the author (2007)

Robert D. Bullard is Ware Professor of Sociology and Director of the Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University.