Representative Democracy: Principles and Genealogy

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University of Chicago Press, Oct 1, 2006 - Philosophy - 328 pages
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It is usually held that representative government is not strictly democratic, since it does not allow the people themselves to directly make decisions. But here, taking as her guide Thomas Paine’s subversive view that “Athens, by representation, would have surpassed her own democracy,” Nadia Urbinati challenges this accepted wisdom, arguing that political representation deserves to be regarded as a fully legitimate mode of democratic decision making—and not just a pragmatic second choice when direct democracy is not possible.
As Urbinati shows, the idea that representation is incompatible with democracy stems from our modern concept of sovereignty, which identifies politics with a decision maker’s direct physical presence and the immediate act of the will. She goes on to contend that a democratic theory of representation can and should go beyond these identifications. Political representation, she demonstrates, is ultimately grounded in a continuum of influence and power created by political judgment, as well as the way presence through ideas and speech links society with representative institutions. Deftly integrating the ideas of such thinkers as Rousseau, Kant, Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, Paine, and the Marquis de Condorcet with her own, Urbinati constructs a thought-provoking alternative vision of democracy.
  

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Contents

Representation and Democracy
17
Rousseaus Unrepresentable Sovereign
60
The Kantian Revision
101
Sieyes Model of Representative Government
138
Thomas Paine and the Perfecting of Simple Democracy
162
Condorcets Indirect Democracy
176
A Surplus of Politics
223
Notes
229
Bibliography
293
Index
317
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About the author (2006)

Nadia Urbinati is professor of political science at Columbia University. She is  the author of Mill on Democracy, also published by the University of Chicago Press. 

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