The excavations at Babylon (Google eBook)

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Macmillan and Co., limited, 1914 - History - 335 pages
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Contents

The Euphrates and its Course
16
A djird opposite Kweiresh
20
Arab at work on a canal in the neighbourhood of Babylon
21
Doorway of the Expedition House in Kweiresh
22
The Kasr The Ascent and Procession Street
23
Paving block of the Procession Street
25
Beginning of the excavations on March 26 1899 with the pave ment of the Procession Street on the east side of the Kasr
27
The lion of the Procession Street Coloured plate facing
28
Crosssection of a lion relief B and of an Assyrian relief A
29
The Ishtar Gate The Expansion Joint
31
Eastern end of the mudbrick wing at the Ishtar Gate from the north
32
General view of the Ishtar Gate from the north
33
Gold plaque from grave in the Nabopolassar Palace
34
Section through the Ishtar Gate
35
Grooved expansion joints at the Ishtar Gate
36
View of the Ishtar Gate from the west
37
The Wall Decorations of Bulls and Dragons
38
The two eastern towers of the Ishtar Gate
39
Enamelled reliefs at the Ishtar Gate beginning of excavations April 1 1902
40
The bull of the Ishtar Gate Colouredplate facing
43
KIG TAGE 29 Enamelled wall length of the Ishtar Gate Coloured plate facing
45
The sirrush of the Ishtar Gate Coloured plate facing
47
Leg of a sirrush and of a raptorial bird
48
The Procession Street South of the Ishtar Gate
49
Limestone projectiles 5
50
Canal to the south of the Kasr
51
View of Procession Street east of Etemenanki
53
Inscription referring to Procession Street
54
The Temple of Ninmach Mud Walls laid with Reeds
55
Groundplan and section of Ninmach Temple
56
Bronze ferrule of doorpost Emach
58
Emach cylinder inscription of Sardanapalus
60
Kisu inscription of Emach
61
The Southern Citadel
65
Reconstruction of Southern Citadel from the north
66
Complete plan of Southern Citadel
67
The East Front of the Southern Citadel
68
Arched doorway in Southern Citadel
69
The Eastern Court of the Southern Citadel
72
Eastern part of Southern Citadel
73
An alabastron
74
Brick stamps of Nebuchadnezzar
76
Stamped brick of Nebuchadnezzar omitting fathers name
77
Brick stamp of EvilMerodach
78
Brick stamps Nebuchadnezzar Neriglissar and Nabonidus
79
Aramaic addition on Nebuchadnezzar brick
80
Excavations in Southern Citadel from the north
83
The sixlined Lebanon inscription from Southern Citadel
85
Inscribed bricks in situ Southern Citadel
87
Base of column Southern Citadel
89
The Central Court of the Southern Citadel
90
The Vaulted Building Hanging Gardens of Semiramis
91
Vaulted Building from the southwest
92
Arches of the Vaulted Building
93
Abutments of arches of the Vaulted Building
94
Section through the Vaulted Building
95
The Principal Court of the Southern Citadel
100
The central part of the Southern Citadel
101
Decoration of the Throne Room Coloured plate facing
104
Position marks on the enamelled bricks
105
Bases of late columns in court 36 Southern Citadel
109
Ramps between the Nebuchadnezzar and Nabopolassar Palaces 11 1
111
The Palace of Nabopolassar
113
Space between the Nabopolassar Palace and Citadel wall on the south
115
North wall of the Nabopolassar Palace
117
Statuette of Papsukal in Nabopolassar Palace
119
FIG FAGE 71 Wall of tworidged bricks in Southern Citadel
120
The Fortification Walls to the North and South of the Palace of Nabopolassar
121
South wall of Nabopolassar Palace from the west
122
Foundation of fortification wall north of the Southern Citadel
123
Drains between Southern Citadel wall and the mud wall
124
The Western Extension
125
Western part of the Southern Citadel
126
The Persian Building Persian Enamelled Bricks
127
Apadana of Xerxes in Persepolis
128
Inscription from the Persian building
129
Enamelled artificial block from Persian building Coloured plate facing
130
The Walls of the Fortifications and Quays to the West and North of the Southern Citadel
131
The Moat Wall of ImgurBel
132
The moat wall of ImgurBel west of the Southern Citadel
133
Inscribed brick from the moat wall of ImgurBel
134
Trench west of the Southern Citadel completely excavated
135
The Akachtu Wall of Nabopolassar and the Wall of Sargon the Assyrian
137
Inscribed brick from the Sargon wall
138
Section through fortification walls north of the Southern Citadel
139
Stamped brick of Nabopolassars Arachtu wall
140
Inscribed brick of Nabopolassars Arachtu wall
141
The Western Outworks
144
The Three Great Fortification Walls North of the Southern Citadel
145
Space between the two mud walls
149
The Inner City Wall NimittiBel Cylinder
150
Northern end of the inner city wall from the southeast
151
System of the inner city walls
152
Drain in the inner city wall
153
NimittiBel foundation cylinder of Sardanapalus
154
Drain through inner city wall
155
The Principal Citadel The Basalt Lion
156
Brickwork blocks in the Principal Citadel
157
Inscribed paving blocksabove EvilMerodach below Nebu chadnezzar
159
Northeast corner of Principal Citadel from the north
161
The basalt lion in the Principal Citadel
162
Stone wall of Northern Citadel from west looking east
176
Stone wall of Northern Citadel with inscription
177
Inscription from the Ishtar Gate 44
178
Doorway with canal in stone wall
179
Canal in front of the Northern Citadel on the north
180
Retrospect of the Kasr
181
The Peribolos of Etemenanki The Tower of Babel
183
Plan of Esagila and Etemenanki
184
East side of the peribolos of Etemenanki
185
Esarhaddons Etemenanki inscription
186
Nebuchadnezzars Etemenanki inscription
187
Reconstruction of the peribolos with the tower of Babylon the temple of Esagila the quay wall of Nabonidus and the Euphrates bridge
188
Duck weight with inscription
190
Upper part of a stela with divine emblems
191
The Euphrates Bridge
197
The western pier of the bridge over the Euphrates
198
The Bridge Gateway
199
The Wall of Nabonidus
200
The Arachtu Walls at the Peribolos of Etemenanki
202
Esagila the Temple of Marduk
204
Plan of the mound Amran
205
Section through Esagila
206
Sardanapalus Esagila brick
207
Esarhaddons Esagila brick
208
Esarhaddons Esagila Babylon brick
209
Terracotta figure from brick casket at Esagila
210
The excavation of Esagila
213
The Eastern Annex B of Esagila
214
The Later Buildings on the Northern Edge of Amran
215
Later buildings on northern slope of Amran
217
Alabaster figure with asphalt perruque
218
A slipper sarcophagus
219
Esarhaddons Adad kunukku from Esagila
221
The Other Parts of the Hill of Amran Ibn Ali
223
Plan of Ishin aswad
224
Groundplan of temple Z
225
Reconstruction of temple Z
226
Figure of Papsukal from temple Z front view
227
Epatutila the Temple of Ninib
229
Plan of Epatutila
232
Ruins of Epatutila
233
Terracotta apes male and female
234
Early horseman glazed
235
The Excavations to the North of the Ninib Temple
236
Schematic diagram of the transfer of the upper levels A B left of a mound of debris to lowerlying region A B on the right
237
Schematic diagram of section through Babylonian house ruins with wells
238
Merkes
239
Plan of Merkes
240
View of street in Merkes
243
The Small Objects principally from Merkes
244
First dynasty tablets
245
Drawing on a tablet
246
Pottery urn with tablets
247
Aramaic incantation bowl
248
Vases
249
Storage jars on ring stands below
250
Fragments of Greek vases
251
Flat circular vases
252
Lamps
253
Glazed rhyton
255
Ancient glass
256
Woman on a beaker or omphalos
257
Earthenware boat
258
Stone vessel
259
Ancient Babylonian rubbingmill in use by an Arab
260
Prehistoric implements
261
Swords lancehead and knives in bronze
262
Chain of onyx beads from grave in Merkes
263
Grave deposits of gold glass and shell from Merkes
264
Legbones each with five anklets from Merkes
265
Gold ornaments
266
Bronze fibulae
267
Cylinder seals and signet with their impressions
268
Stone amulets
269
FIG PAGK 193 Greek coins in ajar
270
The Graves in Merkes
271
Doubleurn burial from Merkes
272
Trough coffin with lid
273
Crouching burial
274
Anthropoid sarcophagus northeast of Kasr
275
Deposits from a coffin
276
The Terracotta Figures
277
Female figure with folded hands Ninmach ?
278
Woman and child GraecoParthian style
279
Woman with hands supporting breasts GraecoParthian style
280
Male figure with goblet Anu ?
281
Woman holding palm branch ?
282
Terracotta amulet
283
Woman with harp
284
Greek terracotta
285
The Great House in Merkes
286
The Temple of Ishtar of Agade
296
The Greek Theatre
300
The Northern Mound of Homera
308
The Central Mound of Homera
310
Retrospect
311
Appendix
314
Smiths Esagila Tablet
327
Publications of the German Oriental Society
328
Index
329
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 314 - Therefore the wild beasts of the desert with the wild beasts of the islands shall dwell there, and the owls shall dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation.
Page 195 - To raise up the top of Etemenanki that it may rival heaven, I laid to my hand.
Page 192 - This space is reckoned as 10-33-20 in length (1056 feet) and 4-30 (450 feet) in breadth. There is again here a calculation of area, which I omit. Bound the court were six gates admitting to the temples. There were, 1, the grand gate ; 2, the gate of the rising sun (east) ; 3, the great gate ; 4, the gate of the colossi ; 5, the gate of the canal ; and 6, the gate of the tower-view. The next division is the space or platform apparently walled, and called a ki-galli, sur, or bind.
Page 25 - Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, son of Nabopolassar, King of Babylon, am I. The Babel Street I paved with blocks of shadu stone for the procession of the great Lord Marduk. Marduk, Lord, grant eternal life.
Page 193 - ... the other side the wing was 100 cubits long and 65 cubits broad (166 feet by 108 feet), and the space between them was 35 cubits wide (58 feet). The building at the back was 125 cubits long and 30 cubits broad (208 feet by 50 feet). I do not properly comprehend the disposition of the buildings on this side, and my description of the position of the western temples must be taken as conjectural. In these western chambers stood the couch of the god, and the throne of gold mentioned by Herodotus,...
Page 91 - In one of these western cells is a well which differs from all other wells known either in Babylon or elsewhere in the ancient world. It has three shafts placed close to each other, a square one in the centre and oblong ones on each side, an arrangement for which I can see no other explanation...
Page 54 - Nabfl and Marduk, when you traverse these streets in joy, may benefits for me rest upon your lips; life for distant days, and well-being for the body. Before you I will advance upon them. May I attain eternal age!
Page 193 - This building had a length of 4 gar, a breadth of 3J gar, and a height of 2£ gar (80 feet long, 70 feet broad, and 50 feet high). Thus the whole height of this tower above its foundation was 15 gar, or 300 feet, exactly equal to the breadth of the base ; and as the foundation was most probably raised above the level of the ground, it would give a height of over 300 feet above the plain for this grandest of Babylonian temples.
Page 192 - Ancient Monarchies,' vol. ii. p. 515), and, now that we have the dimensions of the building, must be rejected. First, I must remark on the Babylonian measures used, that they are principally the cubit, equal to about 1 foot 8 inches English ; and the gar or sa, equal to 12 cubits, or 20 feet English; but there is another series of numbers used in measuring, consisting apparently of * Athenasuni, Feb.
Page 211 - Silver, gold, costly precious stones, bronze, mismakannu, and cedar wood, all conceivable valuables, great (?) superabundance, the product of the mountains, the wealth of the sea, a heavy burden, a sumptuous gift, I brought to my city of Babil before him, and deposited in Esagila, the palace of his lordship, a gigantic abundance. Ekua, the chamber of Marduk, lord of the gods, I made to gleam like the sun. Its walls I clothed with solid (?) gold instead of clay (?) or chalk (?), with lapis and alabaster...

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