“Fingerprints” of Climate Change: Adapted Behaviour and Shifting Species Ranges ; [proceedings of the International Conference "Fingerprints" for Climate Change: Adapted Behaviour and Shifting Species Ranges, Held February 23 - 25, 2001, at Ascona, Switzerland]

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Gian-Reto Walther, Conradin A. Burga, Peter J. Edwards
Springer Science & Business Media, 2001 - Science - 329 pages
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In recent years an increasing number of studies have been published reporting observations of adapted behaviour and shifting species ranges of plant and animal species due to recent climate warming. Are these 'fingerprints' of climate change? An international conference was organised to bring together scientists from different continents with different expertise but sharing the same issue of climate change impact studies. Ecologists, zoologists, and botanists exchanged and discussed the findings from their individual field of research. The present book is an international collection of biological signs of recent climate warming, neither based only on computer models nor on prediction for the future, but mainly on actually occurring changes in the biosphere such as adapted behaviour or shifts in the ranges of species. 'Fingerprints' of Climate Change presents ecological evidence that organisms are responding to recent global warming. The observed changes may foreshadow the types of impacts likely to become more frequent and widespread with continued warming.
  

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Contents

Adapted behaviour and shifting ranges of species a result of recent climate warming?
1
Terrestrial ecosystem responses to climate changes in the Antarctic
17
Climate change and ice breeding pinnipeds
43
General methodological issues and case studies of butterflies
57
Climate and recent range changes in butterflies
77
Expansion of Mediterranean Odonata in Germany and Europe consequences of climatic changes
89
Phytophenological trends in different seasons regions and altitudes in Switzerland
113
Plant Phenological Changes
123
The expansion of thermophilic plants in the Iberian Peninsula as a sign of climatic change
163
Climate change and coastal flora
185
Coral reef ecosystems as early casualties of climate change
203
Fingerprints of climate changes on the photosynthetic apparatus behaviour monitored by the JlPtest
229
Did recent climatic shifts affect productivity of grass dominated vegetation in southern Switzerland?
249
Responses of some Austrian glacier foreland plants to experimentally changed microclimatic conditions
263
Reliability and effectiveness of Ellenbergs indices in checking flora and vegetation changes induced by climatic variations
281
Fingerprints of climate change concluding remarks
305

High summits of the Alps in a changing climate
139
Evergreen broadleaved species as indicators for climate change
151

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