The Black Metropolis in the Twenty-first Century: Race, Power, and Politics of Place

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Robert Doyle Bullard
Rowman & Littlefield, Jan 1, 2007 - Biography & Autobiography - 282 pages
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This book brings together key essays that seek to make visible and expand our understanding of the role of government (policies, programs, and investments) in shaping cities and metropolitan regions; the costs and consequences of uneven urban and regional growth patterns; suburban sprawl and public health, transportation, and economic development; and the enduring connection of place, space, and race in the era of increased globalization. Whether intended or unintended, many government policies (housing, transportation, land use, environmental, economic development, education, etc.) have aided and in some cases subsidized suburban sprawl, job flight, and spatial mismatch; concentrated urban poverty; and heightened racial and economic disparities. Written mostly by African American scholars, the book captures the dynamism of these meetings, describing the challenges facing cities, suburbs, and metropolitan regions as they seek to address continuing and emerging patterns of racial polarization in the twenty-first century. The book clearly shows that the United States entered the new millennium as one of the wealthiest and the most powerful nations on earth. Yet amid this prosperity, our nation is faced with some of the same challenges that confronted it at the beginning of the twentieth century, including rising inequality in income, wealth, and opportunity; economic restructuring; immigration pressures and ethnic tension; and a widening gap between 'haves' and 'have-nots.' Clearly, race matters. Place also matters. Where we live impacts the quality of our lives and chances for the 'good life.'
  

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Contents

The Black Metropolis in the Era of Sprawl
17
Structural Racism and Spatial Jim Crow
41
Residential Apartheid American Style
67
Dilemma of Place and Suburbanization of the Black Middle Class
87
Walling In or Walling Out Gated Communities
111
Spatial Mismatch and Job Sprawl
127
Atlanta A Black Mecca?
149
Black New Orleans Before and After Hurricane Katrina
173
Health Disparities in Black Los Angeles
199
Black Political Power in the New Century
221
Achieving Equitable Development
243
Selected Bibliography
261
Index
267
About the Editor and Contributors
279
Copyright

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Page 6 - Folk, declared that the problem of the 20th century was "the problem of the color line." He said that the problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color-line...
Page 1 - What white Americans have never fully understoodó but what the Negro can never forgetó is that white society is deeply implicated in the ghetto. White institutions created it, white institutions maintain it, and white society condones it.

About the author (2007)

Robert D. Bullard is the Ware Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Director of the Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University. He is the author of thirteen books that address sustainable development, environmental racism, urban land use, industrial facility siting, community reinvestment, housing, transportation, and smart growth. His most recent book is entitled Growing Smarter: Achieving Livable Communities, Environmental Justice and Regional Equity (MIT Press 2007).

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