Violence in Late Antiquity: Perceptions and Practices
Harold Allen Drake
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2006 - History - 395 pages
'Violence' is virtually synonymous in the popular imagination with the period of the Later Roman Empire - a time when waves of barbarian invaders combined with urban mobs and religious zealots to bring an end to centuries of peace and serenity. All of these images come together in the Visigothic sack of the city of Rome in A.D. 410, a date commonly used for the fall of the entire empire. But was this period in fact as violent as it has been portrayed? A new generation of scholars in the field of Late Antiquity has called into question the standard narrative, pointing to evidence of cultural continuity and peaceful interaction between barbarians and Romans, Christians and pagans. To assess the state of this question, the fifth biennial 'Shifting Frontiers' conference was devoted to the theme of 'Violence in Late Antiquity'. Conferees addressed aspects of this question from standpoints as diverse as archaeology and rhetoric, anthropology and economics. A selection of the papers then delivered has been prepared for the present volume, along with others commissioned for the purpose and a concluding essay by Martin Zimmerman, reflecting on the theme of the book. Rhetoric, and Religious Violence are each introduced by a theme essay from a leading scholar in the field. While offering no definitive answer to the question of violence in Late Antiquity, the papers in this volume aim to stimulate a fresh look at this age-old problem.
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Gauging Violence in Late Antiquity I
Perceptions of Barbarian Violence
Violence in the Barbarian Successor Kingdoms
The Inn as a Place of Violence and Danger in Rabbinic Literature
Violence Victims and the Legal Tradition in Late Antiquity
Violence in the Process of Arrest and Imprisonment in Late Antique
Coercion Resistance and The Command Economy in Late
Teaching Violence in the Schools of Rhetoric
The Thessalonian Affair in the FifthCentury Histories
Epiphanius of Cyprus and the Geography of Heresy
Cyclic Violence and the Poetics of Negotiation in PreIslamic Arabia
Rethinking PaganChristian Violence
Transforming a Pagan Rite
Conflict over Panhellenic
Acceptable or Unacceptable Violence?
accused actions Africa afterlife Agathias Alexandria Ambrose Ammianus ancient Aperlae Aperlites Arian army Augustine Augustine's Aurelian authority barbarians bishop Byzantine Cambridge carnifex Christian church circumcellions civil conflict Constantine Constantinople context court covenant criminal culture Cyprus Cyril death described dispute Donatists early ecclesiastical Edict Egypt elites emperor Epiphanius Eudoxia evidence example exile fifth century fourth century Gaul Greek Gregory of Tours heresy heretics Hermogenes History Hypatia imperial innkeeper Isaurians John Chrysostom Justinian killed king Late Antiquity late Roman later Lazica literary Lycia Magian martyrs Maximus monks murder narrative officials Oxford pagan pagan-Christian Panarion period political Priscillian prison Procopius punishment Rabbi region religious rhetoric Roman Empire Rome Sasanian social society Socrates soldiers soul sources Sozomen status story suggests tax collection taxpayers texts Theodoret Theodosian Theodosius Thessalonian Thessalonian affair torture tradition Tyconius V.Aurel Val di Non victims violence Yazdgard