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American Ancient Monuments animals antiquity arrow-heads Bayou beds bones bronze builders burial Central America character charcoal chert Chicago civilization clay climate continent copper crania Creek deposit described diameter earth elephant Epoch Europe European evidence excavation existence extinct feet high feet in height figure flint foramen magnum fossil fragments grave Grave Creek Mound head Herodotus hundred Illinois implements inches Indians indicate inferred island Lake Lake Superior layer Loess mastodon material ments Merom Mexico miles Miocene Mississippi Missouri Mound-builders mounds musk-ox Natchez nearly northern observed occipital occur Ohio origin ornaments period Perry County Pliocene portion pottery pre-historic Professor pyramid race region reindeer relics remarks represented ridge River seen shell-heaps shells side skeletons skull soil species specimens Squier and Davis stone structures superciliary ridges surface temple thick tion traced trees tribes tumuli walls Wisconsin zygomatic arches
Page 313 - Here bring the last gifts ! — and with these The last lament be said ; Let all that pleased, and yet may please, Be buried with the dead. ' Beneath his head the hatchet hide, That he so stoutly swung ; And place the bear's fat haunch beside — The journey hence is long ! ' And let the knife new sharpened be That on the battle-day Shore with quick strokes — he took but three — The foeman's scalp away ! ' The paints that warriors love to use, Place here within his hand, That he may shine with...
Page 300 - He was never known voluntarily to engage in an enterprise requiring methodical labor ; he dwells in temporary and movable habitations ; he follows the game in their migrations ; he imposes the drudgery of life upon his squaw ; he takes no heed for the future. To suppose that such a race threw up the strong lines of circumvallation and the symmetrical mounds which crown so many of our river-terraces, is as preposterous, almost, as to suppose that they built the pyramids of Egypt.
Page 182 - Jupiter, which is the name they give to the whole circuit of the firmament. They likewise offer to the sun and moon, to the earth, to fire, to water, and to the winds. These are the only gods whose worship has come down to them from ancient times.
Page 262 - I have seen several such pieces in the hands of savages; and since they are very superstitious, they esteem them as divinities, or as presents given to them to promote their happiness by the gods who dwell beneath the water. For this reason they preserve these pieces of copper wrapped with their most precious articles.
Page 313 - And many a barbarous form is seen To chide the man that lingers there. By midnight moons, o'er moistening dews, In vestments for the chase arrayed, The hunter still the deer pursues — The hunter and the deer a shade.
Page 366 - Whilst we maintain the unity of the human species, we at the same time repel the depressing assumption of superior and inferior races of men.* There are nations more susceptible of cultivation, more highly civilized, more ennobled by mental cultivation than others — but none in themselves nobler than others. All are in like degree designed for freedom...
Page 317 - In order to strip the skull of its covering, he makes a cut round the head above the ears, and laying hold of the scalp shakes the skull out ; then with the rib of an ox he scrapes the scalp clean of flesh, and softening it by rubbing between the hands, uses it thenceforth as a napkin.
Page 53 - In 1857, Dr CF Winslow sent to the Boston Natural History Society, the fragment of a human cranium found in the "pay-dirt" in connection with the bones of the mastodon and elephant, one hundred and eighty feet below the surface of Table Mountain, California. Dr Winslow has described to me all the particulars in reference to this
Page 65 - ... which was covered by twenty feet in thickness of alternate layers of sand, clay, and gravel, one of the arrow-heads lay underneath the thigh-bone of the skeleton, the bone actually resting in contact upon it; so that it could not have been brought thither after the deposit of the bone...