Fascism in Spain, 1923–1977

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Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1999 - History - 601 pages
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Fascism in Spain, 1923–1977, by celebrated historian Stanley G. Payne, is the most comprehensive history of Spanish fascism to appear in any language. This authoritative study offers treatment of all the major doctrines, personalities, and defining features of the Spanish fascist movement, from its beginnings until the death of General Francisco Franco in 1977.

Payne describes and analyzes the development of the Falangist party both prior to and during the Spanish Civil War, presenting a detailed analysis of its transformation into the state party of the Franco regime—Falange Española Tradicionalista—as well as its ultimate conversion into the pseudofascist Movimiento Nacional. Payne devotes particular attention to the crucial years 1939–1942, when the Falangists endeavored to expand their influence and convert the Franco regime into a fully Fascist system. Fascism in Spain helps us to understand the personality of Franco, the way in which he handled conflict within the regime, and the reasons for the long survival of his rule. Payne concludes with the first full inquiry into the process of “defascistization,” which began with the fall of Mussolini in 1943 and extended through the Franco regime’s later efforts to transform the party into a more viable political entity.

  

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Contents

Origins of Authoritarian Nationalism in Spain
16
The Fascism of the Intellectuals
51
Ramiro Ledesma Ramos founder of the Juntas de Ofensiva
57
JOSE ANTONIO PRIMO DE RIVERA
67
The Primo de Rivera family
72
Julio Ruiz de Alda
83
The Falangist triumvirate in 1934
99
Funeral of Marias Montero Rodriguez the fallen student
108
General Francisco Franco and Colonel Juan Yagiie the
241
The FET during the Civil War 19371939
273
Women supporters of the Nationalists
296
The FET during the Climax of European Fascism
310
Falangist leaders in 1939
313
Assembly of leaders of the Frente de Juventudes
322
Serrano Suner Franco and Mussolini at Bordighera
338
Partial Eclipse and Frustrated Resurgence 19451958
401

Jefe Nacional 19341936
115
The Falangist triumvirs lead a mass demonstration
121
From Clandestinity to Civil War
185
The Death of Jose Antonio
209
THE FALANGE ESPANOLA TRADICIONALISTA
237
The Last Phase of the Movimiento 19591977
431
Conclusion
469
Notes
483
Index
565
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

Stanley Payne has taught history at several universities, including Columbia University, University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Wisconsin. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a corresponding member of Real Academia Espanola de la Historia, Madrid. He has received various awards and prizes, most recently the Marshal Shulman Book Award of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies (2005) and the Gran Cruz de Isabel la Catolica from the Spanish government (2009). He has been co-editor of the Journal of Contemporary History since 1999. Professor Payne is the author of more than 20 books and 150 articles, as well as co-author or co-editor of 9 books. Most recently, he is the author of The Collapse of the Spanish Republic, 1933 1936: Origins of the Civil War, Franco and Hitler: Spain, Germany, and World War II, Spain: A Unique History and Civil War in Europe, 1905 1949.

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