Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens: Ecology, Evolution, and Genetics
Robert S. Fritz, Ellen L. Simms
University of Chicago Press, Aug 15, 1992 - Science - 590 pages
Far from being passive elements in the landscape, plants have developed many sophisticated chemical and mechanical means of deterring organisms that seek to prey on them. This volume draws together research from ecology, evolution, agronomy, and plant pathology to produce an ecological genetics perspective on plant resistance in both natural and agricultural systems. By emphasizing the ecological and evolutionary basis of resistance, the book makes an important contribution to the study of how phytophages and plants coevolve.
Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens not only reviews the literature pertaining to plant resistance from a number of traditionally separate fields but also examines significant questions that will drive future research. Among the topics explored are selection for resistance in plants and for virulence in phytophages; methods for studying natural variation in plant resistance; the factors that maintain intraspecific variation in resistance; and the ecological consequences of within-population genetic variation for herbivorous insects and fungal pathogens.
"A comprehensive review of the theory and information on a large, rapidly growing, and important subject."óDouglas J. Futuyma, State University of New York, Stony Brook
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abundance agricultural alkaloid allele ance aphid arthropod attack Berenbaum biology biotype Burdon characters chemical clones coevolution competition costs of resistance covariance crop cultivars cyanogenic damage defense defense allocation density disease resistance diversity Ecology effects environment environmental estimates evolution evolutionary example factors feeding frequency Fritz furanocoumarin Futuyma gall genetic correlations genetic variation genotypes grazing greenbug growth herbivore species herbivores heritability host-plant resistance impact important increased individuals influence insect interactions intraspecific Janzen Karban leaf loci measured mechanisms models natural enemies natural selection natural systems negative Oecologia parameters parasites parasitoids pathogen patterns performance pest phenotypic phenotypic plasticity phytophagous plant fitness plant genotypes plant resistance plant species polymorphism predation predicted production quantitative genetics reaction norms reduced relative reproduction resistance genes resistance traits resistant plants response result sawfly seed Simms and Rausher studies susceptible plants tion tissue trichomes variable variance variation in plant variation in resistance variety mixtures vary virulence
Page 521 - R. (1942). Growth and carbohydrate content of important mountain forage plants in central Utah as affected by clipping and grazing. US Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 818. McConnell, BR & Garrison, GA (1966). Seasonal variations of available carbohydrates in bitterbrush.