Evolution 101 (Google eBook)

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Greenwood Publishing Group, Jan 1, 2006 - Science - 219 pages
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What should the average person know about science? Because science is so central to life in the 21st century, science educators and other leaders of the scientific community believe that it is essential that everyone understand the basic concepts of the most vital and far-reaching disciplines. Evolution 101 does exactly that. This accessible volume provides readers - whether students new to the field or just interested members of the lay public - with the essential ideas of evolution using a minimum of jargon and mathematics. Concepts are introduced in a progressive order so that more complicated ideas build on simpler ones, and each is discussed in small, bite-sized segments so that they can be more easily understood. Evolution 101 provides an introduction for non-scholars to this most powerful scientific theory, covering such issues as: BL The history of evolutionary thought, from before Darwin to the present day BL The evidence for evolution, from fields as diverse as geology, molecular biology, paleontology, and more, that show how strongly supported evolution is BL How evolution works, including topics ranging from behavior (e.g., sexual selection) to molecular biology (e.g., mutation) BL Evolution in our daily lives, including how evolution accounts for phenomena such as antibiotic resistance and pesticide resistance This essential resource will answer the questions students and lay people have regarding evolution, and will point them on the path to further understanding.
  

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Contents

THE HISTORY OF EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT
1
NAMING LIFE
4
LAMARCK PROPOSES THE FIRST TESTABLE THEORY OF EVOLUTION
10
CHARLES DARWIN
13
Darwin Sets Sail Aboard the Beagle and Sees the World
15
Darwins Life Back in England
20
DOWN HOUSE
25
Wallace Provokes Darwin to Announce His Idea
29
Sexual Reproduction Increases Genetic Variation
96
THE RED QUEEN AND SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
97
Mate Choice Can Be Adaptive
98
Selection for One Extreme Both Extremes or the Middle
100
Nice Guys Dont Have to Finish Last
103
CALCULATING COEFFICIENTS OF RELATEDNESS
105
MUTUALISM
107
SUMMARY
108

THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION AFTER DARWIN
38
DARWINS BOLD PREDICTION
40
SUMMARY
41
EVIDENCE FDR EVOLUTION
43
THE EVIDENCE FOR EVOLUTION
46
DETERMINING THE AGES OF FDSSILS AND ROCKS
49
Fossils
50
Extinctions
55
Artificial Selection
56
Embryology
59
Biogeography
60
Comparative Anatomy
61
Vestigial Structures
65
Molecular Biology
67
WE CAN WATCH EVOLUTION HAPPEN
70
THE EVOLUTION OF DRUG RESISTANCE
72
CAN EVOLUTION BE STOPPED?
75
CONTRADICTORY EVIDENCE?
76
EVOLUTION IN THE COURTROOM
77
SUMMARY
78
HOW EVOLUTION WORKS
81
PESTICIDE RESISTANCE
82
DNA AND CHROMOSOMES
84
THE FREQUENCIES OF GENES CAN CHANGE
85
Mutation Can Cause Genetic Variation
87
Genetic Mixing Can Cause Genetic Variation
88
CONSERVATION AND GENETIC DIVERSITY
91
Natural Selection Produces Adaptive Change in Gene Frequencies
92
THE SCALE AND PRODUCTS OF EVOLUTION
109
MACROEVOLUTION PRODUCES SPECIES DIVERSITY
112
WHAT IS A SPECIES?
113
Species Form When Shifts in Resources Disturb Gene Flow
115
Species Form When Mate Choice Restricts Gene Flow
116
THE COMMON THEME OF SPECIATION IS REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION
117
A PHYLOGENY TRACES THE HISTORY OF SPECIATION
118
SHARED TRAITS REVEAL SHARED ANCESTRY
123
THREE TYPES BRANCHES OF LIVING ORGANISMS
124
THE EVOLUTION OF MULTICELLULAR ORGANISMS
126
ADAPTIVE RADIATION FUELS BIODIVERSITY
133
POISONOUS OCEANS DEATH STARS AND MASS EXTINCTION
134
SUMMARY
137
EVOLUTION AND DUR DAILY LIVES
141
SOCIAL DARWINISM
143
EUGENICS
144
THE EVOLUTION OF PATHOGENS
147
SOCIOBIOLOGY AND EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY
149
SUMMARY
154
THE GEOLOGICAL TIMESCALE
155
LEGAL DECISIONS INVOLVING THE TEACHING OF EVOLUTION AND CREATIONISM IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
161
A TIMELINE FOR EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT
167
MEIOSIS AND CROSSING DVER
189
THE PRODUCTS OF EVOLUTION
193
GLOSSARY
205
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
211
INDEX
215
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

JANICE MOORE is professor of Biology at Colorado State University. She is the author of numerous scholarly articles and the book Parasites and the Behavior of Animals (2002).

RANDY MOORE is professor of Biology at the University of Minnesota. He has been editor-in-chief of The American Biology Teacher and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biological Education. He has written over 200 articles and books, including numerous textbooks and Evolution in the Courtroom: A Reference Guide (2002).

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