Poverty and Place: Ghettos, Barrios, and the American City (Google eBook)
Poverty and Place documents the geographic spread of the nation's ghettos and shows how economic shifts have had a particularly devastating impact on certain regions, particularly in the rust-belt states of the Midwest. Author Paul Jargowsky's thoughtful analysis of the causes of ghetto formation clarifies the importance of widespread urban trends, particularly those changes in the labor and housing markets that have fostered income inequality and segregated the rich from the poor. Jargowsky also examines the sources of employment that do exist for ghetto dwellers, and describes how education and family structure further limit their prospects. Poverty and Place shows how the spread of high poverty neighborhoods has particularly trapped members of poor minorities, who account for nearly four out of five ghetto residents. Poverty and Place sets forth the facts necessary to inform the public understanding of the growth of concentrated poverty, and confronts essential questions about how the spiral of urban decay in our nation's cities can be reversed.
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Poverty and place: ghettos, barrios, and the American cityUser Review - Book Verdict
Jargowsky (Univ. of Texas at Dallas) provides a data-rich description and a conceptually innovative explanation of the spread of neighborhood poverty in the United States between 1970 and 1990. Basing his analysis on census data, he finds that the number of residents of areas with a 40 percent or higher poverty rate almost doubled in the 1970s and 1980s. He explains the growth and concentration of poverty in the black ghettos, Hispanic barrios, white slums, and ethnically "mixed slums" in terms of broader economic changes. To address ghetto poverty, he recommends metropolitan areawide policies to increase productivity and reduce inequality and segregation because the problem is bigger than neighborhoods and ghetto cultures. Urban scholars and policymakers alike should find Jargowsky's compelling arguments thought-provoking. For academic collections.--William Waugh Jr., Georgia State Univ., Atlanta