Energy services for the urban poor in Africa: issues and policy implications
Zed Books in association with African Energy Policy Research Network, Nov 27, 2004 - Medical - 297 pages
Africa has been experiencing higher rates of urbanization than any other continent, and today about one-third of the continent's population live in urban areas. But studies of energy services for urban residents, especially the poor, are still rare. The supply of electricity to poor city dwellers has not kept pace with urbanization: in 1970 some 40 million had no access to electricity; by the year 2000 there were over 100 million. The urban poor continue to rely on wood fuel, charcoal, kerosene and dung cakes for energy, with all their environmental drawbacks. This book examines the affordability of modern energy sources for the poor; the relevance of energy subsidies; the impact of subsidies on public finances; and how electricity tariffs affect the operations of small and medium enterprises, the main source of livelihood for the majority of the urban poor outside the formal economic sector.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Notes and References
ENERGY USE AMONG THE URBAN POOR
17 other sections not shown
ACBT Addis Ababa afford AFREPREN AFREPREN/FWD Africa amortized amount average biomass Birr budget share cent charcoal commercial connection fees cost of electricity countries Development domestic e1ectncity economic EEPCO eIectricity electricity consumers electricity subsidies electricity tariffs electrification energy budget energy costs energy efficiency energy expenditure energy services energy sources energy subsidies equipment Ethiopia Extreme1y poor firewood forms of energy fuels Gondar Harare household energy income increase industria1 informal sector Karekezi kerosene and electricity kerosene subsidies kgoe level of subsidy lifeline tariff low-voltage LRMC Lusaka marginal cost micro-enterprises million moderately poor monthly Nairobi non-poor households non-subsidized Pamodzi policy option poor and non-poor poor urban households public finances ratios revenue SMEs stove subsidy captured Survey by author TabIe Table TANESCO Tanzania tariff rates Tota1 Twapia Uganda unsubsidized upfront costs urban areas UShs utility Wor1d World Bank Zambia ZESA ZESCO Zimbabwe