Fungi of Cameroon: Ecological Diversity with Emphasis on the Taxonomy of Non-gilled Hymenomycetes from the Mbalmayo Forest Reserve
Fungi of Cameroon is a contribution towards assessing the current macrofungal diversity associated with the ecosystems of Cameroon's southern forests, and evaluates the impact of deforestation and slash-and-burn on fungal communities and tracks the occurrence and changes to the fungal communities through the seasonal climatic variations (rainfall). The overall recorded species were new to the Mbalmayo forest reserve, while 75 of the described species were new to Cameroon, and eleven new mycobiota were described, plus one combination. The greatest fungal diversity was observed in forest stands, declining towards fallows and cropland. A distinct reduction of the diversity of wood and litter-dependent fungal species can be observed where land conversion takes place which is a definite threat to fungal species. As expected, seasonal variations fundamentally influence and govern the fruition and composition of the fungal communities studied.
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COLLECTING OF EDIBLE MUSHROOMS AND ETHNOMYCOLOGY IN
J Phenicoid species
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4-spored 47 km South Agaricales Annls apices basal clamp Basidia Basidiomata annual basidiospores Berk binding hyphae branched broadly ellipsoid brownish Cameroon Centre Province Chlamydospores clade clamp connections clavate cm long cm wide coloured colourless concolourous context coriaceous cream 4A3 cylindrical cystidia dark brown 6F8 dead wood Dept diameter dimidiate dissepiments Douanla-Meli east of Yaounde effuso-reflexed Ekombitie ellipsoid forest fungal fungi Ganoderma Gasteromycetes Geastrum genus glabrous Gloeocystidia grey greyish brown Hexagonia hymenial hymenium hymenophore Hyphal system dimitic km South east Korup National Park Kuntze Leipzig Lentinus lumen Mbalmayo Microporus Murrill Mycol Nyong & So'o orange Oyack Phellinus pileate pileus pileus surface Podoscypha Polyporus Polystictus pore surface Remarks—The species resupinate Revis Ryvarden Scale bar septate sessile setoid skeletal hyphae smooth Specimen examined—CAMEROON stipe stipitate subglobose Substrata—On thick thickened thin-walled tomentose tomentum trama Trametes trimitic tubes upper surface walls whitish yellow yellowish 2A3 yellowish brown 5E8 zonate