The Role of Scientific and Technical Data and Information in the Public Domain:: Proceedings of a Symposium

Front Cover
This symposium brought together leading experts and managers from the public and private sectors who are involved in the creation, dissemination, and use of scientific and technical data and information (STI) to: (1) describe and discuss the role and the benefits and costs--both economic and other--of the public domain in STI in the research and education context, (2) to identify and analyze the legal, economic, and technological pressures on the public domain in STI in research and education, (3) describe and discuss existing and proposed approaches to preserving the public domain in STI in the United States, and (4) identify issues that may require further analysis.
  

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Contents

Discussion Framework
3
The Genius of Intellectual Property and the Need for the Public Domain
10
Intellectual PropertyWhen Is It the Best Incentive Mechanism for ST Data and Information?
15
The Economic Logic of Open Science and the Balance between Private Property Rights and the Public Domain in Scientific Data and Information A ...
19
Scientific Knowledge as a Global Public Good Contributions to Innovation and the Economy
35
Opportunities for Commercial Exploitation of Networked Science and Technology PublicDomain Information Resources
52
The Role Value and Limits of ST Data and Information in the Public Domain for Education
56
The Role Value and Limits of ST Data and Information in the Public Domain for Research Earth and Environmental Sciences
60
Conflicting International Public Sector Information Policies and their Effects on the Public Domain and the Economy
129
Potential Effects of a Diminishing Public Domain in Biomedical Research Data
133
RESPONSES BY THE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION COMMUNITIES IN PRESERVING THE PUBLIC DOMAIN AND PROMOTING OPEN AC...
139
Discussion Framework
141
Strengthening PublicDomain Mechanisms in the Federal Government A Perspective from Biological and Environmental Research
161
Academics as a Natural Haven for Open Science and PublicDomain Resources How Far Can We Stray?
165
New Legal Approaches in the Private Sector
169
Designing PublicPrivate Transactions that Foster Innovation
175

The Role Value and Limits of ST Data and Information in the Public Domain for Biomedical Research
65
PRESSURES ON THE PUBLIC DOMAIN
71
Discussion Framework
73
The Urge to Commercialize Interactions Between Public and Private Research Development
87
Legal Pressures in Intellectual Property Law
95
Legal Pressures on the Public Domain Licensing Practices
99
Legal Pressures in National Security Restrictions
104
The Challenge of Digital Rights Management Technologies
109
POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF A DIMINISHING PUBLIC DOMAIN
117
Discussion Framework
119
Fundamental Research and Education
125
Emerging Models for Maintaining Scientific Data in the Public Domain
180
The Role of the Research University in Strengthening the Intellectual Commons the OpenCourseWare and DSpace Initiatives at MIT
187
New Paradigms in Industry Corporate Donations of Geophysical Data
191
New Paradigms in Industry The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Consortium
194
Closing Remarks
198
APPENDIXES
201
Final Symposium Agenda
203
Biographical Information on Speakers and Steering Committee Members
206
Symposium Attendees
215
Acronyms and Initialisms
225
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