The Politics of Transition: Shaping a Post-Soviet Future
The Soviet system has undergone a dramatic transformation: from communist monopoly to multiparty politics, from Marxism to competing values, from centralisation to fragmentation, and from state ownership to a mixed economy. This book, by three of the West's leading scholars of Soviet and post-Soviet affairs, traces the politics of transition in the late 1980s and early 1990s from its origins to its uncertain post-communist future. The authors analyse the full impact of transition on official and popular values, central and local political institutions, post-Soviet republics, the CPSU and the parties which replaced it, and political participation. A final chapter considers the problematic nature of this form of 'democracy from above'. Detailed but clearly and accessibly written, The politics of transition provides an ideal guide to the changes that have been taking place in the politics of the newly independent nations that together constitute a sixth of the world's land surface.
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Reforming the electoral system
Structures of government
The Presidency and central government
From union to independence
Patterns of republic and local politics
The withering away of the party
28th Congress activity adopted all-union apparatus April Argumenty Argumenty i fakty Armenia attempt August authority Azerbaijan Baltic Belarus Boris Boris Yeltsin Brezhnev candidates cent Central Committee centre chairman changes Communist Party Conference Congress of People's Constitution Council coup CPSU December democratic democratisation discussion draft economic elections electoral emergence enterprises entrepreneurs established Estonia favour February glasnost Gorbachev groups Ibid independent industrialists institutions ispolkom issues Izvestiia July June Kazakhstan KPSS Kyrgyzstan Latvia leadership legislative letters Lithuania March minister Moldova Moscow Nezavisimaia gazeta nominated November October officials organisations organs parliament parliamentary party leaders party's People's Deputies perestroika Politburo political Politizdat poll Popular Front position Pravda President presidential programme public opinion reform regional reported republican republics role Rossiiskaia gazeta Russian s'ezd Secretary September 1992 social socialist society Sovetskaia Soviet Union SSSR structure Supreme Soviet survey TsK KPSS Ukraine USSR vote VTsIOM Yeltsin