"Japanese in the Samba": Japanese Brazilian Musical Citizenship, Racial Consciousness, and Transnational Migration

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ProQuest, 2007 - 213 pages
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This doctoral dissertation is an ethnographic study of musical culture among Japanese Brazilians in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Specifically, the study explores how the musical culture of this community has changed in recent years as a result of the dekasegui movement, the migration of hundreds of thousands of Japanese Brazilians who have traveled to Japan since 1990 in search of work. In order to explore these questions, I conducted fieldwork between May and November of 2003 on three musical groups, Zhen Brasil, Ton Ton Mi, and Wadaiko Sho, each of which have found different ways to invoke, contest, and reinvent their Brazilian and Japanese musical heritages. By exploring these groups' musical practices, texts, dance, costumes, and discourses of self-definition, this study offers insight into shifts in the ethnic self-definition and racial consciousness of the Japanese Brazilian community that have taken place as the result of face-to-face contact between Japanese Brazilians and Japanese under the conditions of contiguous globalization. This study contributes to our current understandings of the impact of circular forms of migration on the musical culture and ethnic identity of diasporic communities in the contemporary world.
  

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Contents

2
4
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
13
LITERATURE REVIEW
20
METHODOLOGY
26
UNCANNY GINGA
36
5
53
BECOMING BRAZILIAN
97
KINESTHETIC ACCENT
123
TAIKO DE SAMBA
130
BEATING HEARTBEATING DRUM
140
HISTORICAL CONTEXT
155
CONTEMPORARY SOUNDS
162
UCHINÂ POP ARRIVES
168
REFERENCES
175
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