Multi-party elections in Africa
Michael Cowen, Liisa Laakso
Palgrave, 2002 - Literary Collections - 387 pages
This volume contains electoral studies of multiparty politics in 14 African countries during the 1990s. Most are about national elections in Anglophone Africa. There are also less well-known examples from Sudan, Ethiopia and Guinea Bissau. The collectionalso features studies of the local elections in Namibia and of a significant by-election in Malawi. The multiparty period had been put, wherever possible, within the historical context of earlier elections in Africa. Questions addressed include: how did incumbent governing regimes learn to live with multiparty politics? Why have some elections been so closely fought and others have suffered from apathy? Why has there been relatively open political expression and activity when the elections have increasedthe political and economic manipulation by incumbent governments? Why have the elections of the 1990s been so marked by local and ethnic variations? To what extent did this wave of democracy result from pressure from donor countries?
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The Politics of National Elections
Beyond the Silence of Women
Behind the Transparent Ballot
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1996 elections Abacha administration Africa alliance Assembly associations Babangida Botswana by-election campaign cent Central Chadema Chagga chiefs Chiluba civil society colonial constituencies contest Council democracy democratic democratisation district economic Economist Intelligence Unit Electoral Commission electoral process elite ethnic Ford-K Ghana groups Guinea-Bissau independence institutions issues Kalenjin Kanu Katima Mulilo Kenya Kikuyu Kilimanjaro leaders leadership Lesotho liberal liberal democracy Maasai majority Malawi military rule Minister mobilisation Mrema multi-party elections Namibia Ndirande Nigeria one-party opposition parties organisations PAIGC parliament parliamentary elections participation period political parties politicians polling popular population President presidential candidate presidential elections programme Province Rawlings reform regime region registered representatives ruling party rural areas seats social South Sudan Swapo Swaziland Tanzania traditional transition tribal turnout Umma UNIP urban voters votes Windhoek women Zambia Zimbabwe