Disappearing peasantries?: rural labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America
Intermediate Technology Publications, 2000 - Business & Economics - 333 pages
This book comes at a time when the peasant transition process has reached a critical juncture. It points out how peasant labour redundancy can undermine rural welfare and political stability, and why academics and policy-makers of the twenty-first century cannot ignore the world's disappearing peasantries without endangering sustainable development and international security. The editors combine the most recent rural research with a new analytical perspective on the major peasant and agrarian development debates, and provide a new insight into peasant studies and the western biases that have permeated it. The book begins by tracing patterns of peasant formation and dissolution over time and explores whether today's rural producers in Africa, Asia and Latin America are peasants in either a theoretical or practical sense. The rich case study material from all three continents illustrates the pressures and opportunities that have befallen peasants, leading them to 'diversify' into a number of occupations and non-agricultural income-earning avenues. The relationship of peasants to the land has changed; and the factors influencing this are discussed. These include multi-occupational livelihoods, intensified labour mobility and flexibility, straddled urban and rural residences, and flooded labour markets. The state and market influences on the rural family and village community are also examined.
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Peasant Differentiation Gender
The Politics of Peasant Ethnic Communities and Urban
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access to land African peasant agrarian question agrarian reform agricultural agricultural production argued Asia Asian bonded labour Breman Bryceson capital capitalist cent central century Chapter China co-operatives colonial commodity communities context countries countryside CPAs crops cultivation cultural differentiation economic ejidatarios ejido ejido sector employment ethnic export farming fertilizers force FROLINAT gender global green revolution growth Hausa hectares Honduras impact income increased India industrial inputs institutions investment Janvry Japanese Journal of Peasant landless Latin America livelihoods maize Majibacoa male ment migration modern municipalities neo-liberal Nigeria non-farm activities peasant agriculture peasant farmers peasant households peasant production peasant societies Peasant Studies peasantry political programmes proletarianization Pueblo Llano regions relations rice role rural areas Santo Domingo settlers smallholders social strategies subsistence tion trade transformation UBPCs University Press urban village wage labour wage workers World Bank